NUTRITION FOR THE ELDERLY: Nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs. Good nutrition is essential for survival, physical growth, performance, health and well-being across the entire life-span. A good nutrition adequate well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity is a cornerstone of good health. While poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity. Many elderly people have unique barriers ...view middle of the document...
Reduced-lactose milk products, soy-based beverages or tofu are good alternatives for those who are lactose intolerant.
POSSIBLE CAUSE OF POOR NUTRITION IN ELDERLY: Some of the most common reasons for poor nutrition in the elderly include
* Decrease in sensitivity: Appetites diminish as a person ages. A decline in the senses of smell and taste affect a person’s ability to taste and enjoy food. If a meal isn’t appetizing, a senior is less likely to eat as much as he should.
* Side effects of medication: Certain medications whether over-the-counter or prescription can reduce appetite, cause nausea, or make food taste make differently.
* Poor dental health: Seniors are more likely to suffer from dental problems. Ill-fitting dentures, jaw pain, mouth sores and missing teeth can make chewing painful. All of these factors make it increasingly difficult for the elderly to eat healthy foods.
* Financial burden: Many seniors are on fixed or limited incomes. Some senior cut back on grocery expenses or buy cheaper and less-nutritious foods to stretch his or her budget. Lacking money to pay for adequate foods can result in a host of nutrition problems.
* Forgetfulness: Dementia, Alzheimer's disease, and poor memory can hurt a senior's ability to eat a variety of foods on a regular schedule and remember what to buy at the store. One may keep eating the same foods over and over without realizing it, or skip meals entirely because he or she doesn't know the last time they had meal.
* Depression: As people age, life can become more difficult. Their loved ones may be gone (or far away), their body may be failing them, even if their mind is sharp, and loneliness can take its toll. Feeling blue or depressed can decrease one's appetite, or make them feel apathetic about caring for they health. Depression is a manageable disease when treated correctly, but left untreated it can lead to many other nutrition and health...