REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
This chapter indicates the ideas relevant to the present subject relating to the other studies and is briefly discussed to provide the foundation of the proposed. In order to develop a new method and procedures, careful review of literature and studies had done for the development of this research.
According to Pogue (2000), what is true about study habits was that more than thirty years ago still rings true today-students fail because they do not know how to study. The best advice he can give is to develop sound study skills.
It’s a common scene if some college students fail to finish a passing requirement for a ...view middle of the document...
So these are reasons writers and researchers set some learning styles on related activities to effective studying.
Based on the findings of Othis (1995), effective study skills usually come down to two factors: motivation and style.
Motivation is the enthusiasm of a person to do something. Learning style is the method used by a certain student/person to study much easier and more efficiently.
The following external activities as proposed by Rothkopf encourage students to develop good study habits and aid efficient learning.
The oldest method was created by Robinson (1970). The SQ3R (Survey, Question, Read, Recite) is a method for active elaboration of material that you read, say in a textbook.
Reading instruments are the best sources of information college students need when studying. Since the start of the basic education of a person, he is tied to reading for purposes like finishing home works and making research papers. Robinson gave a systematic way of understanding the concepts written in literary and articles. Before reading, skim the title, pictures, introductory paragraphs and summaries (Survey). Next is to ask questions about what you skim (Question). Third, look answers to the questions by reading (Read). Lastly, summarize it in your own words (Recite).
In addition to Robinson’s conclusion, based on the findings of Seif (1997), reading comprehension skills are invaluable tools that contribute to better learning. They include skimming, scanning, critical reading and inquiry reading
The difference of skimming and scanning is that skimming is the manner when you look at the main topic of the book while scanning is the fast movement of the eye to look for the main idea of paragraphs. Critical reading is when you state opinions about a certain paragraph while inquiry reading is the state when you find specific information without considering any emotions. Usually, scanning and inquiry reading are used by students to make their home works and projects.
As stated by Abderisak (2007), time is an essential key. You cannot study properly without considering it; hence time management is most certainly a study technique in itself.
Given the hectic schedules of college students which need balance between academics and extra activities makes time management really important. The schedule you develop should guide you in how to allocate the available time among academic works, extracurricular activities and social life.
Based on the account of Li (2009), there's no need to force yourself to study 6 hours every day - that's sweatshop labour! Instead we recommend a consistent 3-4 hours of study each school day as a healthy amount.
That is why it is advisable to manage a schedule to prevent overloading school works. Many students spent much time of the allotted sleeping hours to cram their assignments that are due for tomorrow. It is unhealthy not to sleep for enough hours because it causes tardiness and tiredness during lectures.