An analysis into the rise of Arab Nationalism following the establishment of the State of Israel post-1948 and its impacts
The main catalyst for the rise of Arab nationalism throughout the Arab world stemmed from the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. Israel's creation as the result of Zionist Jewish nationalism led to a counter-reaction in the peoples of Arab states - including Palestine - which was focused on removing Zionism from Arab lands and uniting Arabs to defeat Israel with the Palestinian cause being the central call of Arab nationalist intellectuals.
By 1919 the Palestinian people had already established their identity as Arab, Palestinian, Syrians ...view middle of the document...
Consequently, the death of up to 5000 Arabs in Palestine and the continuing mass immigration of Jews in to Palestine in addition to international endorsements for a promised land for the Jews allowed Arabs to look at the issue with a more unified vision where religion and/or background were no longer matters of concern - liberation was now the Arab Nationalists’ mission, Christians and Muslims.
It was then that a few fascist ideologies came to surface and Arabs resorted to extreme measures to resist and fight the encroaching occupation to put greater emphasis on the need for establishing the Arab identity in the light of such events as Sate’ al Husri stated “We can say that the system to which we should direct our hopes and aspirations is a Fascist system” In 1941 Hajj Amin al-Husayni, a prominent Muslim nationalist leader and Grand Mufti of Jerusalem sought German/Italian support to oust the British as did some other Arab nationalists where He writes in his book:
I have considered Germany to be a friendly country, because it was not a colonizing country, and it never harmed any Arab or Islamic country, and because it was fighting our colonialist and Zionist enemies, and because the enemy of your enemy is your friend. And I was certain that Germany's victory would definitely save our countries from the danger of Zionism and colonization.
Therefore, a strong sense of urgency from the sort of prevailing narrative was evidently directed at both the secular and religious sectors of the Arab, Palestinians societies, which helped mobilize the efforts of the whole region following the creation of a Jewish State by the name of Israel on “Arab soil”. The efforts, however, failed and led to a great defeat of 1948 that according to Sate’ al-Husri was due to the fact that Arabs were divided in to “artificial” seven states and the solution was to unite in to one state.
In the light of this will, the League of Arab States was formed in Cairo on the 22nd of March 1945 with six member sates: Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan (modern day Jordan), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and Syria. The Arab League aspired to preserve and further develop the collaborative efforts between Arab countries as mentioned in their pact: To draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries.
It was since 1948 that the word “Arab” took on a new meaning. Arabism was the sense of identity the people of the region had developed regardless of religion and/or background but rather based on common language, history, culture and collective will for a liberated Arab Palestine. Furthermore, pan Arabism was the dream that was to restore the dignity of the Arab people after the great defeat. Palestine and Arabism were now synonymous and Nationalism was a compulsory class being dictated to high-school students in Syria...