Final Research Paper
ANT 101: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Final Research Paper
Different societies exist throughout the world and within these societies each society develops culture that works best for them. Within these cultures they pass all their acquired knowledge and traditions down from generation to generation. Nevertheless, each culture has their own way of life, own marriage beliefs, their own values and feelings on life and religious beliefs. Cultures tend to have their own way to run their government, and ways to keep their economy up to their standards. Most importantly in cultural anthropology it is imperative to value culture relativism. This is the ...view middle of the document...
Hill’s (2013) research shows women are continually only make 75 percent of what a white male’s salary would be. Women tend to stick with nontraditional careers for the simple reason that stereotypical attitudes suppress women’s achievements and contributions in the corporate world. However, women have descended upon traditional white male careers, such as architects, economists, pharmacists, lawyers, and journalists, and proven to be successful (Hill, 2013). In the end, women are participating more in the workforce is very evident; however, equal treatment is not there.
Undoubtedly, women make up half of the workforce in the United States, however, on average women are continually earning considerably less than men. According to Kahn (2014), women’s education is on a rapid rise; in particular the majority of recent college graduates are women, consequently assisting to lower the gender pay gap. Moreover, the United States Department of Labor declares women make only 80 cent to a man’s one dollar in 2009 (Hill, 2013, p.32). Therefore, women, on average, earn less than men in virtually every single occupation by a gender wage gap of 20 percent. Regardless of this, there is an upward trend of women starting their own businesses from home simply for the fact of flexibility and freedom that is associated with becoming an entrepreneur. Moreover, becoming an entrepreneur is appealing to women as they are balancing work and family. According to Hill (2013), “In 2009, three-quarters of women-owned businesses were majority owned by women for a total of 7.2 million firms and generating $1.1 trillion in sales” (p. 32). Altogether, even though the pay gap between women and men may be decreasing there still is a very minimal presence of women at the corporate top-level of management. Meanwhile, the segregation of jobs by gender and other factors affect pay equity. A term used back in the 1980’s as a metaphor for the invisible and artificial barriers that blocked women and minorities from advancing up the corporate ladder to management and executive positions is called the glass ceiling (Hill, 2013). Louisville Women’s Careers Examiner argues “ Glass ceilings are still found in the workplaces, not only in the discrimination of pay scales, but also marked by sexual harassment, exploitation at work and as a feeling of insecurity in women due to conduct of the opposite sex” (Hill, 2013, p.33). Societal barriers that women tend to face are prejudice and bias, cultural, opportunity and attainment, gender, and color-based differences. Moreover, several other barriers women run into are governmental, business structural and internal businesses all of which have ramifications on their chances of success.
One of the best forms of family structures is polygyny which has been eroded through modernity and changes in culture. A unique culture, polygyny, particularly practiced in the Sub-Saharan Africa. According to Grey (2008), “Of the twenty-nine...