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Art And Literature Essay

3630 words - 15 pages

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July, 1918 in Transkei, South Africa. He was the son of Henry Mandela a local leader of the Tembu people. Mandela was a qualified lawyer after attending the University College of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand in 1942.

Mandela established his reputation after his graduation when he joined hands with the African National Congress (ANC) in 1944. He started engaging in rebellion against the apartheid policies of the ruling National party after 1948. The apartheid law or policy promoted inequality among people and with time it had become the governing system of South Africa. This law mostly discriminated against the black South African ...view middle of the document...

Mandela reputation against apartheid grew intensively over his time in prison. He became a very significant and an important leader of the black people in South Africa. He objected and represented resistance the anti-racism movement started forming. Mandela refused to be freed from prison at the expense of giving up his political position. Mandela served around 27 years in prison on the Robben Island, but he did not give up. He continued to enlighten people through his teachings and work. His popularity grew from the deep villages all through South Africa and the whole world wide.

After coming from prison, he preached reconciliation among the many races of South Africa but advocated for nation building spirit to the country people. His message spread through the world, and in 1993, he won a Nobel Prize. Mandela emerged victorious in the1994 elections and became the first president of South Africa; he had succeeded in bringing unity in the different races of his country by his examples and reputations. During his ruling as a president, he was successful in bringing peace in the country but also fought calamities like HIV/Aids by empowering the affected and the infected. He retired from for politics in 2004, after fighting and winning the battle he had started.

Nelson Mandela faced a lot of problems while he was fighting against the apartheid regime. Though he had gradually become well known in South Africa, there were problems that he faced, and they affected him negatively in establishing a strong reputation to fight for the right and equality of all races. His reputation was ruined since in 1956 when he was in the trial for treason, Later in 1961 he freed because he was and found not guilty. The banning of ANC also became a great issue, since ANC was the main platform that stood up against oppression and inequality. Mandela attempt to overthrow the government in 1963 led to life imprisonment. This became a big step back in his battle against the government, and it was his biggest challenge. Although Mandela did not give up, educating people from inside the bars and trying to be the master to the rest of his country became a big problem. Lastly but not least he faced the brutality and cruelty of white people who denied him his freedom and right as a human. He was to give up his politic career for his freedom.

Mandela fight against the apartheid regime had some factor which were in his favour and others which were against his favour. After Mandela first trial ruling was on his favour, and he persuaded many with his leadership skills. The ANC movement supported Mandela in pursuit of human rights the political, social and environmental rights. By becoming a representative of Umkhonto we Sizwe Movement which he made after the banning of the ANC movement, he was still at an upper hand in inciting the people to be more aggressive in fighting for their rights.

The government, on the other hand, was against everything...

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