What Is Globalization?
Globalization can be explained as a process of integration and interaction among the companies, people, and governments of different nations. It is a process explained by international trade and investment and updates by information technology. There is an amazing irony in globalization and it is that, as the world gets smaller, opportunities for growth and development become wider and better. Nowhere is this more clearly manifest than in the sphere of international trade and business relations where foreign market economies, domestic politics and diverse legal systems are linked to each other to create more advantages for the contracting states.
By analyzing the trade practices of the ancient world-, the phenomena such as resource and market seeking manners, international business from Rome , China, India to Africa and even western and northern locations of Europe, little and intermediate Size Enterprises working internationally and outsourcing manufacturing, multicultural workforces, duty reduced zones, tax issues, and the management of money risks. Nevertheless the technological and policy developments of the precedent few decades encouraged boosts in investment, cross-border trade, and migration that is healing the many observers think the globe is entering a qualitatively innovative period in its economic development.
Relationship between developed-developing countries
By the subsequent years after the Second World War, the developed countries did reduce the tariffs, taxes and excise duties within the frame of consecutive in a circle of trade’s negotiations on the grounds of an item-by-item. This reduction is more appealing for the developing countries. The trade negotiations have involved a compromise between the fundamentals of nondiscrimination and of reciprocity. However, the developing countries are not allowed such offer for trade. They offer few tariff concessions, the developed countries exchange these kind of concessions on item in order to fulfill their interest. Nevertheless, the developing countries have benefitted from the tariff reductions that would be developed under the most-favored nation clause or article. During the beginning of 1960s' tariffs on manufactured goods was imported from the region of developing countries, this import of manufacture good had been turned down to a extensive extent, although greater than the overall average tariff of developed countries on manufactured goods. Spontaneously, these tariffs have expressed an affinity towards growth and escalation from lesser to higher stages of fabrication. By this means of tariff, the discriminating is processing against the trade activities in the developing countries. Developing country is more typical and more open than a developed country. For instead, the frequency of the tariff on import of developing countries from developed countries is relatively high tariffs on the imports of developed countries from the developing countries than tariffs on their largely manufacturing imports. Thus, in the U.S., tariffs of 10% or higher apply to 20% of imports from developing countries and for overall manufactured imports, it is only 9%.
To oversee and govern the expansion of international trade and to enhance international economic cooperation, international economic institutions were established. The 1944 Bretton Woods Conference gave birth to the creation of the World Bank (WB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). To complement these two institutions and to administer the trade aspect of international economic cooperation, a bid to establish the International Trade...