Assess The Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Society As A Whole And As Its Individual Members

865 words - 4 pages

Assess the Functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individual members? (18)

Functionalists see religion in a positive light and as it is a key institution of society. This differs from the Marxist and Feminist view that religion is there to simply reinforce the oppression. For functionalists, society’s key need is for social solidarity and order enabling members to cooperate. Religion ensures that this is maintained, and individuals do not pursue their own selfish desires alone as this would cause society to disintegrate.
Durkheim acknowledged that the key feature of religion was not a belief in the Gods but the apparent distinction between the sacred ...view middle of the document...

He also sees religion in the positive aspect of enhancing our intellectual or cognitive capacities so that we can reason and think conceptually. In agreeance with Durkheim, Mauss suggests that religion will also provide basic categories such as an understanding of time, space and causation. This suggests that religion can benefit both society and the individual by giving us this knowledge. However, others argue that these ideas can only be applied for a small scale society as we cannot apply this to large scale societies where two or more religious communities may be in conflict. Also, Durkheim’s view is too harmonious as we know that even within religions themselves, there is conflict through different interpretations such as Catholics and Protestants. Similarly, Mestrovic suggests that Durkheim’s ideas cannot be applied to contemporary society as we have far more increased diversity that has fragmented the collective consciousness. This means that there is no longer a shard value system that religion can now imply.
Another functionalist Malinowski develops on Durkheim by agreeing that religion promotes social solidarity, however in his view it is done by psychological functions. He identities that religion can perform this role in two situations. The first being when the outcome is important but is uncontrollable and uncertain by using his study of the Trobiland islanders by contrasting fishing in the lagoon and fishing in the ocean. Where lagoon fishing is sae and uses the predictable methods, ocean fishing is dangerous and uncertain. These islanders will them perform rituals and use ‘canoe magic’ to give them a sense of control over the situation giving the illusion that now no bad can happen to ease tension and give confidence. The second...

Other Papers Like Assess The Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Society As A Whole And As Its Individual Members

Using Material From Item And Elsewhere, Assess The View That Gender Roles And Relationships Have Become More Equal In Modern Family Life

1199 words - 5 pages family as a vital part of society, such as functionalists, which is gradually improving for all its members. They described the modern day society family as a symmetrical family, this describes the notion that roles are not yet identical, but similar. The symmetrical family is where women go out to work, men help with child&house care and couples spend much more leisure time together. The main reasons behind the idea of the symmetrical family

Of Mice And Men Is As Much A Commentary On The Lives Of Migrant Workers And The Society Of The Time As It Is About Lennie And George

841 words - 4 pages how they react, in their society, to the weak and also how these people are treated within it. This is what Steinbeck wanted when he depicted Lennie’s situation. Steinbeck has represented Crooks in the ranch as a minority in the society. ‘They let the nigger come in that night’ Steinbeck’s point about differences in society shows the reader the whole view about racism. Crooks is seen as a low-life, crippled Negro who is under everyone’s

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere Assess The Usefulness Of Modernization Theory As An Explanation For Differences In The Levels Of Development Of Different Societies. (18 Marks)

811 words - 4 pages geographical and social mobility which he claims is essential if a society is to industrialize. Extended families also encourage traditional values and norms such as ascription, particularism and collectivism which undermine modernity by discouraging individual incentive, achievement and there for social change. According to Parsons these societies needed to adopt the western values that are necessary for economic success.

The Functionalist View On The Role Of Education

1302 words - 6 pages * Assess functionalist views of the role of education (20 marks) There are multiple views in society of the education system. The first view is functionalist – they believe that the education system is positive. The second view is Marxism – they believe that education in negative. The final perspective is feminism and they believe that again education is a negative thing. Functionalists such as Durkheim believe that the education system is

Choose A Medical Condition That Interests You And Research It. Write About The Possible Uses Of Hypnosis In The Treatment Of The Condition As You See Them

2409 words - 10 pages Nick Sharpe 2177 words Choose a medical condition that interests you and research it. Write about the possible uses of hypnosis in the treatment of the condition as you see them. I will be looking at the impact that chronic illnesses have on a person’s life with particular reference to the illness Myalgic encephalomyelitis’ (M.E

Using Materiel From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess The Usefulness Of Subcultural Theories In Explaining Subcultural Crime And Deviance In Society Today. (21 Marks)

1391 words - 6 pages A subcultural theory is a deterministic theory that sees individuals as entirely shaped by the way society is structured or organised, this means that the subcultures share norms and values that are different to those that are shared by mainstream society as those within the subculture have rejected mainstream norms and have become inverted because the mainstream values have failed them as is illustrated by item A. These subcultural theories are

The Good Life As A Meaningful Life

1596 words - 7 pages in the direction of the good or meaningful life? Or is life and the meaning there of just as broad or narrow as an individual chooses to make it for himself? One of the popular approaches to the meaning of life is the teleological approach. This approach suggests that life is a process in which you are working towards an ultimate goal. The theory does not state that the final end is a point at which you can stop trying, but rather that you

Classrom As A Democracy

1801 words - 8 pages expansionistic again after Kaiser Wilhlm II. WWI ended before any real fighting on German soil, so Germans didn’t see their troops defeated. The Versailles treaty that ended the war imposed great war reparations on German and Germany was stripped of its few colonies in Africa and the South Pacific as well as areas of German influence/control along the Alsace and Polish corridor. After war, in Wiemar, a federal constitution was drawn that created a

Lincoln As A Leader

1103 words - 5 pages ). When Lincoln wasn’t able to leave the White House, he encouraged people to come to him by making himself as accessible as his job allowed him to be. Phillips states that “if subordinates, or people in general, know what they genuinely have access to their leader, they’ll tend to view the leader in a more positive, trustworthy light” (Phillips, 1992). Phillips follows this format throughout the entire book. He first states the principle and then

As The World Changes

323 words - 2 pages they are. Emotional hurt can have an enormous impact on a person’s drive to modify their life. When loved ones are lost, it can create a chain reaction of reconstruction in those family members that are closest to the deceased. Whatever, the cause of the pain there has to be an adjustment which constitutes change. Society can cause an abundance of insecurity in people, if a woman, who is overly insecure about her weight, watches a commercial

The Effects Of Vinegar As A Stain Remover

1223 words - 5 pages and researchers, we are given a chance to conduct an experimentation on how to use vinegar as an alternative battery pack. This experiment is environmental friendly, and it is cheaper than branded ones. It does not contain any toxic that is hazardous to human’s health. The main objectives of this study are the following: 1.) To give enough power to the battery operated appliances 2.) To know that vinegar may be

Related Essays

Assess The Functionalist View That Religion Benefits Both Society As A Whole And Its Individual Members (18 Marks)

847 words - 4 pages Functionalists believe that religion is beneficial for both society as a whole and its individual members, this is because it unifies society and creates consensus, which in turn gives each individual member a source of support when they need it. However some theorists disagree with the functionalist ideology. Firstly, functionalist claim religion benefits society in a number of ways, it creates a sense of social solidarity, meaning a shared

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess The View That The Main Function Of The Education System Is To Reproduce And Legitimise Social Inequalities. (20 Marks)

541 words - 3 pages Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that the main function of the education system is to reproduce and legitimise social inequalities. (20 marks) The education system is one of the most influential institutions in our society, as it 'breeds' children knowledge and skills from a very young age (4-5) all the way to young adulthood (16-18), through set lessons or through the hidden curriculum. Education is said to supply a

Assess The View That Religious Beliefs And Practices Are Changing To Reflect A New Era Of Diversity And Choice. (33 Marks)

1127 words - 5 pages Assess the view that religious beliefs and practices are changing to reflect a new era of diversity and choice. (33 marks) Some sociologists reject the secularisations theory, they are beginning to say that instead of religion declining, it is changing, in terms of changing to reflect a new era of diversity and choice. Sociologists such as Davie argue that religion isn't declining but the need to publicise it is reducing, religion is

Using Material From Item A And Elsewhere, Assess The Claim That ‘The Main Function Of Education Is To Maintain A Value Consensus In Society’

899 words - 4 pages believe that education ‘transports values that benefit the ruling class not society as a whole’. It is a complicated argument as many questions could be raised by both viewpoints as to what the true purpose of education is. Firstly, Functionalists argue that the main function of education is to maintain a value consensus. Durkheim agreed that education performs the function of creating social solidarity; where individual members in society feel