Assignment #1 Public Administration- the Good, The Bad, The ugly
William T. Thompson
PAD 500 Modern public Administration: Managing Public and nonprofit Organizations
To understand how to solve a problem, we must first understand what we are trying to fix. For example, can a carpenter without any medical experience repair a heart valve? Of course not, he or she must first obtain the proper education necessary to perform such a complex operation. The same can be said about the American education system.
Throughout America’s history parents, ...view middle of the document...
2013). On the other hand, there is a downside to special education inclusion and those problems would be “the need for more research when determining the best technology to deal with the problem, the need to start doing a better job of training new teachers to serve all kids, and the redesign of teacher education programs (turnbull, a. 2013)”. the next policy modification is (ESL) English as a second language modifications are changes in courses, standards, test presentation, location, timing, scheduling, expectations, student response and/or other change which is deemed necessary to provide access for a student with a disability to participate in the course, standard or test, but which most critically does fundamentally alter or lower the standard or expectation for that student's participation in the course, standard or test. Over the last 10 years there have been an influcts of Hispanic and other ethnic groups coming into the United States. Modifying instruction is critical to (ESL) students’ success. Although I think it would be unfair to change lesson plans throughout the whole educational system. a few techniques I think would work is to “ assign students a bilingual or English speaking study buddy, allow for flexibility in the task assigned, reduce assignments and lastly give (ESL) students extra time to do work or complete projects” (rowlands,2013). The downside to (ESL) would be the hiring and training of bilingual speaking teachers and the money it would cost to implement programs to catch those students up with their English speaking classmates. The first negative policy modification would be the policy of (NCLB) no child left behind. Although (NCLB) started a national conversation about student achievement but the (NCLB) movement quickly fizzled out. (NCLB) “ had created incentives for states to lower their standards , emphasized punishing failure over rewarding success, it focused on absolute scores rather than growth in progress and prescribed a pass- fail one size fits all series of interventions for schools that miss their goals (rowlands,2013). the upside to (NCLB) is the reforming of (NCLB), for instance, “states and their school districts are asked to develop meaningful ways of measuring teacher and principal effectiveness in order to provide better support for educators” (rowlands,2013). The second negative policy modification is behavioral modification which assumes that assumes that observable and measurable behaviors are good targets for change as well as effective interventions because behavior modification techniques never fail. “Alternatively, a participatory model has been proposed where direct service staff and their immediate supervisors work with middle and senior managers to identify competencies and component skills and then design the implementation plan” (Ricciard, J. 2011). There are ten (10) steps that should be implemented to insure that all students get the appropriate treatment they deserve and these steps...