How to Make a Bibliography - A Handy Guideline
-- Based on the 6th Edition of MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.
A BIBLIOGRAPHY is a list of sources used by the writer of a research paper, including books, encyclopedias, newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, interviews, and electronic media. All the sources used are listed alphabetically.
NOTE: Book titles must be either underlined: Ants or italicized: Ants.
NOTE: Pay attention to spacing, capitalization and punctuation.
NOTE: When more than one publication location is cited on the title page, the first city should be the one noted on your bibliopgraphy. Place of publication usually includes the Name of the City, ...view middle of the document...
Washington: National Geographic
Society, 1978. |
(articles from MAGAZINES or NEWSPAPERS) NOTE: The title is in quotation marks, not underlined or italicized. Conolley, Steve. "Making a Mountain Out of an Anthill."
Scientist Weekly. 12 September 1987: 102-10. Author's last name, Author's first name. "Title of the article." Name of periodical. Date of the periodical: page numbers of the article. |
ENCYCLOPEDIA ARTICLES NOTE: If the encyclopedia arranges articles in alphabetical order, you may omit the volume and page numbers. NOTE: If there is no author, list the title first. Carlin, Norman F. "Ants." The World Book Encyclopedia.
Chicago: World Book Inc., 1994 ed. Author's last name, Author's first name. "Title of the article." Name of encyclopedia. Place of publication: Publisher, copyright date. "Ant." The International Insect Encyclopedia. Vol.4. New York:
Scholastic Books, 1994. 123-42. "Title of the article." Name of encyclopedia. Volume number. Place of publication: Publisher, copyright date. Page numbers. |
VIDEO/DVD The Life of the Honeybee. VHS. Encyclopaedia Britannica
Educational Corporation, 1980. Title of the Video or DVD. Medium. Publisher/Production company, Copyright date.
CD-ROM "Common Ant." Creepy Crawlies. CD-ROM. Farnham, England:
Media Design Interactive, 1993. "Title of article, or part." Title of the CD-ROM. Medium. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date. |
ON-LINE DATABASE ARTICLES from an Institution (such as The Dalton School) Brian, M.V. "Ant.” Access Science. The Dalton School Libraries,
New York, NY. 06 Jan. 2004 <http://www.accessscience.com/>. Author’s name. "Title of article." Name of the database service. Name of Institution, Place of Institution. Access date <URL of database> NOTE: If there is no author for the article, start the entry with the title. |
EBOOK from NETLIBRARY Hamilton, Ian. Ed. The Oxford Companion To Twentieth-century Poetry in English, New York: The Oxford University Press, 1996, netLibrary. 5 April 2005. < http://www.netlibrary.com/Reader/>. Author or Editor. Title. City: Publisher, Copyright Date, netLibrary. Access Date. <http://www.netlibrary.com/Reader> |
WEB PAGES NOTE: Always try to figure out who the AUTHOR of the web site/page is and where this person got his/her information in order to determine the RELIABILITY of the data. There are many personal interest pages out there that are not trustworthy. NOTE: ALSO, remember to record the DATE that you accessed your materials or when the web site was last updated because on-line information can be changed daily. NOTE: The standard DATE format for online materials is Date Month. (3 letter abbreviation) Year: 25 Mar. 2004 NOTE: There are many variants in citing different kinds of web sites. Make sure that you consult the...