Biological And Humanistic Theories Essay

1623 words - 7 pages


Biological and Humanistic Theories
Victor Bell
University Of Phoenix
Psychology of Personality
Psy 250
Byron Pettit, M.A.
Due July 29, 2009

Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality
Understanding the wide range and the development of personalities within our culture has been an ongoing challenge for hundreds of years. Within this document we will consider why people have completely different personalities even in the case of identical twins. Although Freud’s believed that people were basically born with their personality intact, many different theories have developed over the years in direct contrast to Freud’s. I will ...view middle of the document...

The question is whether people are born with certain traits or are these traits a product of our environment. Genetics combined with influences in our environment contribute to people becoming more susceptible to certain psychological disorders. One such disorder is schizophrenia. Although Schizophrenia has no definite cause, one theory is this disorder may be caused by genetics. Relatives of individuals who become diagnosed with schizophrenia have a higher chance of getting this disorder. Because of one identical twin having this disorder and not the other, research also suggests that environmental factors play a role in this disorder.
The method that separated genetics from environment is the study performed on twins. The objective of this study is to compare similarities of genes inherited by the parents. By comparing identical twins who possess mutual genes, with fraternal twins who share a portion of their genes, researchers have a clearer view on how biological and environmental factors may be interconnected.
The Eysenck theory can be separated into three dimensions; the focus of this analysis is to understand causes of personality. The three dimensions are extraversion/introversion, neuroticism, and the third which was later added is psychoticism.
Eysenck believed that extraverted people have different levels of cortical arousal, in other words, when extraverted people are in a non-stimulating state they become more attracted to situations that will promise some sort of reward or stimulating activity of some kind. Whereas introverted people prefer to be isolated and seek lower levels of stimulation and are over aroused.
Neurotic people tend to become easily stressed, angered, or depressed. They can be unstable or extremely emotional people. Psychoticism is defined as individuals’ who cannot relate to reality, Psychotic individuals are often known for their aggressive behavior. Individuals with the psychoticism trait have high levels of testosterone, which is one reason for aggressive behavior and the lack of empathy or concern towards others.
The biological theory has many factors which are easy to relate, for one the notion that in part our personality stems from our environment. This notion is agreeable because it seems obvious that children are more likely to behave in a manner in which they are brought up. Another agreeable notion is the three dimensions of personality. An example would include that extraverted people often tend to look for outside stimulus and if unable to find the stimulus become bored and distracted. The notion that personality stems from inherited genes in my opinion is disagreeable. For one, if a parent is extraverted does not necessarily mean the child will be. Although children may inherit certain features and possibly illnesses from their parents, personality in my opinion is formed.
The next theory to be analyzed is the humanistic theory. Maslow’s theory provides...

Other Papers Like Biological And Humanistic Theories

Personality Essay

759 words - 4 pages psychologist play a role in the theories on personality and also the brain structure of personality. The amount of personality theories that are out there is a large number but the number that is normally used is the basic four perspectives. The first perspective is the psychoanalytic perspective that emphasizes the importance of unconscious processes and the influence of early childhood experience. Also there is the humanistic perspective that represents

Abnormal Behaviors Essay

535 words - 3 pages lives (even if they are now recovered). 2) What are some of the biological causal factors of abnormal behavior?(Ch3.Pg61) a. Some of the biological causal factors of abnormal behavior are: i. Neurotransmitter and hormonal abnormalities in neurotransmitter systems ii. Genetic vulnerabilities iii. Temperament iv. Brain dysfunction and neural plasticity 3) Briefly describe the psychodynamic, humanistic, and cognitive-behavioral perspectives


713 words - 3 pages ; had theories and ideas of psych analysis- 7. JOHN WATSON; behavioralism...treating people for their illnesses instead of just researching about it- 8. CARL ROGERS; client therapy, unconditional positive regard and concern, connecting with your patients * Contemporary Psych: * Biological perspective- biological reason for why things happen and why you do the things you do. * Psychodynamic perspective- directed towards unconscious

Record Control

694 words - 3 pages in their life. If a person is raped at a young age, this could be a big part of their life and how they act. If anything happens to a person as they are growing up this could make them who they are as an adult. There are four main theories of personality as it is studied today. There is Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Trait, and Social Learning. These four represent most all of the assessment tests that we use as well. The first, Psychodynamic theory

Psychology 101 Quiz

2065 words - 9 pages . | structural or historical | d. | psychodynamic or humanistic | ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Remember REF: How Did the Science of Psychology Begin? OBJ: LO3 76. With the exception of occasional bursts of insight from the Egyptians and Greeks, the most common view of psychological disorders over the course of history has been that they____. a. | originated in childhood from repressive parenting | b. | resulted from the actions

Mod G Unit 2 Spelling

433 words - 2 pages May Concern." 6. Phenomenological- Term that decribes viewing a situation from the other person's point of view. 7. Regard- Pertaining to. 8. Dental Radiograph- X-ray of teeth. 9. Intrapersonal Conflict- Conflict within oneself when one is expected to perform a task that does not meet personal goals, values, beliefs, or expertise. 10. Humanistic Theories- Theory based on the works of Maslow and Rogers. 11. Complimentary Closing

Abnormal Psychology

826 words - 4 pages abnormal behaviors. What makes diagnosing so challenging is that it can be a bit complicated as well as diversely challenging mental disorders that usually involve both precipitating and predisposing causes. While it is vital while diagnosing to focus biological vulnerabilities as well as many theoretical perspectives such as psychodynamic, cognitive behavioral and humanistic as well as biological , while each theoretical perspective has

Reading Analysis

407 words - 2 pages not something that biological or intentional (Moore and Bruder, 2011, p. 437). Rather this issue was socially constructed by society standards. Daughters are raised by their mothers to nurture while men are raised to repress nurturing in order to prepare for a public working life. The key principles of feminism look into different theories of women’s rights. Socialist feminism combines Marxist principles and radical feminist perspectives

Essay Admissions

443 words - 2 pages theories, but it also requires the application of those theories to a design project. Tweaking design parameters, building and rebuilding physical models, meeting numerous failures and seeing my design successfully taking off for the first time was part and parcel of what I truly enjoyed during my extracurricular time. The most heartfelt lesson that I have took away through this early learning opportunity was that in the journey of science and

By Knowing More About Employees’ Personalities, Does It Help Managers To Manage Them?

2109 words - 9 pages traits theories are explained in many journal and publications. Then, I discuss about personality from two different theories, which are the humanistic approach theory and the Big Five Personality Model theory. We have to know how personality developed when we discuss about personality. According to the humanistic approach theory from a humanistic psychologist Roger, “development of a person personality is mainly affected by their childhood

Criminology And Low Intelligence

1312 words - 6 pages The use of low intelligence as a predictor of criminal behaviour has been the cause of considerable controversy within criminal justice discourse across a range of societies and cultures for many centuries. The downtrodden of society, for the most part those of low socio-economic status, have often been victims of labelling theories that associate their desperation for survival with low intelligence, along with their associated frequent

Related Essays

Habits Essay

7233 words - 29 pages daughter Anna Freud began to apply Freud's psychodynamic theories of the "ego" to the study of parent-child attachment and especially deprivation and in doing so developed ego psychology. ------------------------------------------------- Jungian psychodynamics At the turn of the 20th century, during these decisive years, a young Swiss psychiatrist named Carl Jung had been following Freud’s writings and had sent him copies of his articles and his

Psychology Essay

287 words - 2 pages University of Phoenix Material Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet Fill-in the Blank 1. Abraham Maslow proposed the __humanistic_______________ theory of personality. 2. According to Maslow, self-fulfillment and realization of one’s full potential are examples of __self actualization______________ needs. 3. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs proposes that ____basic________ needs must be satisfied before

Week 5 Essay

283 words - 2 pages University of Phoenix Material Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet Fill-in the Blank 1. Abraham Maslow proposed the _________________ theory of personality. 2. According to Maslow, self-fulfillment and realization of one’s full potential are examples of ________________ needs. 3. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs proposes that ____________ needs must be satisfied before ____________ needs will become

Criminal Justice Essay

921 words - 4 pages attitudes from two types; introverts and extroverts. Extroverts focus on the external world and events going on around them in oppose to introvert which is mainly more concerned with their own private worlds. Rogers was known for his theory of personality development. He began developing his humanistic concept that emphasizes the goodness of people and their striving into higher levels functioning. According to Rogers every organism is born with