What is bullying? Webster Dictionary defines bullying as: use superior strength or influence to intimidate (someone), typically to force him or her to do what one wants. Let’s look at this from the vision of adolescents (victims) and see how it effects them in their developmental stages. How we can identify? How we can help?
Normal adolescents development is characterized by a mismatch between fundamental drives and self regulatory skills that manifest as difficulties with expressing thoughts and ...view middle of the document...
They are at greater risk of physical assault than other children and youth.
Aggressive behavior maybe bullying depending on what happened, how frequent and who it happens to. Bullying is unwanted aggressive behavior. This behavior involves a real or perceived power imbalance. Kids who are bullied and the one who bullies others may have serious lasting problems. In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:
- Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their power- such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity
- to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change overtime and in different situations, even if they involve the same people
- Repetition- Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once
Bullying can happen after school, in the school building, a high percentage of bulling happens on the playground, the bus, going to and from school. Bullying may also include actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attack someone phyiscally or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.
There are three types of bullying: Verbal, Social, and Physical. Verbal bullying consists of saying and writing mean things, such as name calling, taunting, threating to do harm, teasing, and inappropriate sexual comments.Social bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation/relationships some examples are: Telling others not to be someone friends, spreading rumors, embarrassing them, or leaving them out of things on purpose. Physical bullying, includes hurting a person’s body or possessions for instance, kicking, hitting, or punching, spitting, tripping, pushing and taking or breaking the person things. Also, making mean or rude hand gestures. The 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance system (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) indicates that, nationwide, 20% of students in grades 9-12 experience bullying. The 2008-2009 School Crime Supplement ( National Center for Education Statistics and Bureau of Justice Statistics) indicates that, nationwide, 28% of students in grades 6-12 experience bullying.
Children who are bullied sometimes suffer academically, because they are in fear of going to school where the source of their stress resides. Being bullied effects the self-esteem of the victim who might have low-self esteem issues already. “ There is often no end to bullying for victims. Devastating effects of bullying is the pattern it creates in victims mind and personalities that can last their whole life” ( Abel, 2010). Children will also experience isolation and depression....