Community Health Nursing-C228-Task 1
Western Governors University
Identification of Community
In Southeast Tennessee, you will find most of Hamilton County between the Appalachian and the Cumberland mountain ranges. It is the fourth most populous county in the state of Tennessee (Wikipedia, ND). Within Hamilton County, there are many different towns. The most populous city is Chattanooga that is also the county seat (Wikipedia, ND). Hamilton County is unique because it boarders ten other counties. According to the 2010, U.S. Census Bureau the population of Hamilton County is 336,463 (Memorial Health Care Systems, 2013) . The leading cause ...view middle of the document...
Of the 5.4% of deaths recorded in Hamilton county 23.3% of those were related to cardiovascular disease and 22.2% related to cancer (Tennessee Department of Health, 2015). There are various employment opportunities including manufacturing, medical, retail, and service industries. The average income in Hamilton County is 46,544 with 12% of families being at or below poverty level (USA.com, Hamilton County Income and Careers, 2015). Approximately 35% of Hamilton County’s population receives either Medicare or Medicaid benefits (Chattanooga-Hamilton County Health Department, 2015). Hamilton County reported an 8% unemployment rate in 2012, although this is below the 10% unemployment rate reported for the state of Tennessee.
Neighborhood/Community Safety Inventory
The Neighborhood/Community Safety Inventory tool was used to determine the following. Some of Hamilton County’s Environmental safety hazards include air pollution, drowning, and climate. In 1969, Chattanooga held the title for the most Polluted City in the US (Bureau, 2015). Throughout the years, Hamilton County has drastically improved the air quality. Some of the ways this has happened is by requiring county wide yearly emission testing and controlling seasonal burning (Bureau, 2015). Due to the many creeks that run off the surrounding mountains into lakes and eventually to the Tennessee River, drowning is also a hazard in this community. Hamilton County has typically hot and humid summers with mild winters. The average rainfall is 56.08 inches per year and snow being minimal with an average of 1.8 days with greater than one inch of snow (USA.com, 2015) .
Cultural Assessment Tool
The Cultural Assessment Tools was used to determine the primary cultural group of Hamilton County is whites, making up 73.9% of the population with a strong Irish ancestry (USA.com, Hamilton County Population and Races, 2015) . The Majority of the population is 45-54 years old with 51% female and 48% male (USA.com, Hamilton County Population and Races, 2015). Approximately one third of the population has some college or an Associate’s degree (USA.com, Hamilton County Population and Races, 2015). English is the primary language spoken (USA.com, Hamilton County Population and Races, 2015). Hamilton County is primarily conservative voting Democratic for many years (Wikipedia, ND). In 2015, Chattanooga was named by Outside magazine as the Best Town Ever (Morrison, 2015). Being named the Best Town ever was probably because of the multiple historic site, public art displays, and many outdoor activities. Hamilton County is part of the Bible Belt and for the most part has a religious community.
Disaster Assessment & Planning Guide
The Disaster Assessment & Planning Guide was used to determine the following. Hamilton County’s LEPC (Local Emergency Planning Committee) assists with disaster planning and preparation (General Government of Hamilton County, 2015). Hamilton County is...