Arizona Statehood and Constitution
"I believe in the United States of America as a Government of the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect union, one and inseparable;
established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which
American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to my
country to love it; to support its Constitution; to obey its laws; to respect its flag; and to defend
It against all enemies." Tyler, W (1918) -- The American's Creed.
The Spanish Period, ...view middle of the document...
In 1846 President James Polk - incited war with Mexico this would be the beginning of Arizona becoming the forty-eight state. 1848 the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo stretched the area from Texas to California and no longer a part of Mexico but was added to the United States. This area was then named New Mexico which included most of Arizona. In 1853 the rest of Arizona became a part of United States with copper being discovered in1854.
The U.S.Controlled Period; the United States extended its territory through the Arizona territory with the California seaport becoming a very important travel route along with the discovery of gold. In 1857 the first stagecoach line comes to Arizona and according to Arizona history “James Gadsden negotiated with Mexico the purchase of the region between the Gila river in Mexico the Southern Pacific became the first railroad to reach Arizona 1877. A few years between the purchase of Gadsden and the eruption of War the States, settlers started moving into southern Arizona for which they came looking for gold and silver. Arizona continued to grow with Forts that were established and stage lines that went between them. In 1862 the Confederate Congress recognized Arizona as a separate territory. A skirmish at Pikachu Peak on April 15, 1862, the westernmost battle of the Civil War Union forces occupied Tucson ending Confederate rule.
Territorial Period; Efforts continued to create a separate Territory of Arizona. The demand was opposed by arguing that the area was unimportant as a final point, the United States Congress created a Territory of Arizona; The Organic Act was passed in 1863, and President Abraham Lincoln signed into law. The president appointed as Governor John N. Goodwin of Maine, Governor Goodwin’s party left Washington. December 27, 1863, stopped two days later at a place called Navajo Springs. Arizona History States that “. There they conducted the ceremony that formally established the Territory of Arizona. The provisional seat of the territorial government was established at Fort Whipple, but it was moved in May 1864 some 20 miles south to a little mining community named Prescott. The census taken in 1864 showed that Arizona had a population of 4,573 (excluding Indian residents), with most of the people still located in the southern part of the territory. Under Richard C. McCormick, the capital was moved to Tucson in 1867 and remained there until 1877. Then it was shifted back to Prescott and, finally in 1889 a permanent capital was set up in Phoenix.” Throughout this era, mining thrived, although trivial amounts of gold and silver were discovered, copper became the source of Arizona's financial prosperity, in the 1870s, ranching became another important source of revenue in the territory. In the 1880s, the railroads finally arrived, and life in Arizona changed drastically by the transportation of the region's mineral resources and cattle that were finally accessible to the east. In 1880, 101...