Term Paper: Project Managers and Ethics, Leadership, and Technology
Dr. Russ White
May 17, 2015
The Different Organizational Structures
There are three different organizational structures in regards to project management, and each has their specific pros and cons associated with their method. A functional organizational structure is one that is best when the focus is a single product. Functional structures aren’t designed to change quickly, and they are the most common type of design. These contain various specialized units that then report to top management, or the top tier of the structure. The grouping is based on similarities. It’s the top ...view middle of the document...
This allows focus to rely on the team alone, and they are only responsible for their project. Decisions are easier made, as everyone on the team has the end goal of finishing the project together with clear responsibilities. This allows the CEO to maintain their interest in the project, but not have to be in charge of the project. Many organizations use this type of organizational structure by hiring specific individuals to work on a particular project. (Schwalbe, 2013, p. 50) There are disadvantages to this organizational structure, as many times the separate teams can lead to “duplication of efforts and loss of scalable economies.” (Admin, 2011, p.1)
The matrix organizational structure is the hybrid of both functional and project based organizational structures. This involves the individuals associated with the project answering to both their functional manager and the project manager. This organizational structure has three different types of classification, as they can be strong, weak, or balanced. These classifications are based on the amount of control the project manager exerts. (Schwalbe, 2013, p. 50) There are quite a few advantages of this structure, as resources can be shared across projects and the project is the focus of work for a specific project manager. Resources are easier to balance in this type of organizational structure. Sometimes this structure causes tensions between the functional manager and the project manager. There may be conflict due to resource allocation. (Admin, 2011, p. 1)
Different Roles That Project Managers Can Play
Project managers wear many hats. They have to have various roles throughout an organization that fall into four main categories. The project manager must have survival roles, such as an ideas generator and communications facilitator, social roles, such as a diplomat and mentor, technical roles, such as inspector and planner, and commercial roles, such as a chairperson and financial manager. The project manager can look at these many different roles as their toolbox of their possible courses of action. Certain roles are necessary based on certain issues. Project managers seem to take on more roles as they increase in experience. Project managers must always strive to increase their knowledge base, as they wear many hats. Not every project needs every role and it’s crucial for a project manager to realize which roles are needed for which stage of the project. (Griep, 2011, p. 1)
Three Human Resource Factors That Affect Project Management
There are many various factors that can affect project management, and many fall into the human resources field. One of the most important is the organizational culture. The behavior of the organization is crucial to the success of a project. Behaviors can change within an organization based on their culture. The culture is crucial in understanding both the organization and other factors that may...