Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement was an introduction to what would be the nations’ most important effort to solve the racial issues. No longer to ignore the race problems; an effort to provide justice and equality to African Americans began. Leaders launched demonstrations and speeches were given. Organizations gathered to support litigations against the segregation laws. Pressure built, leading to a response to the Civil Rights Movement and through continuing efforts a breakthrough was made
African Americans favored President Kennedy because he helped with the release of Martin Luther King, Jr. from a Georgia prison (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). Kennedy’s dream was to ...view middle of the document...
The public education was also being forced with the integration by the judicial courts. In 1962, the University of Mississippi was made to enroll the first Black student (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). The governor although refused and Whites began rioting against the courts. President Kennedy again had to step in and send Federal troops to regain peace and protect the student (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999).
Martin Luther King, Jr., was a powerful speaker who advocated social change through non-violent means (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). He gave a series of demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama, which was attacked by the police commissioner by the means of dogs, tear gas, electric cattle prods, and fire hoses (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). These horrific events were reported to the nation by television.
President Kennedy could no longer avoid the race issue at hand and gave a message on television to address the moral issue that the nation was facing. Later President Kennedy introduced new legislative proposals that prohibited segregation in stores, restaurants, or any public places (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). This also included banning discrimination in employment and schools.
In 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial one of the greatest, peaceful, and interracial civil rights demonstrations in the nation’s history took place (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). More than 200,000 people gathered and marched in Washington D.C. with the support of President Kennedy (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). Martin Luther King, Jr. moved the crowds with his speech “I have a dream” (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999).
President Johnson, after President Kennedy was assassinated, won civil rights in 1964 (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). Afterward the civil rights victory it moved on to voting rights. A campaign called the “freedom summer,” was started and workers both Black and Whites traveled through the south to gain favor for Black voter registration (Brinkley, 2007, 2003, 1999). Reports in the papers read “Detailed proposals for the campaign, which is expected to reach into every corner of this deep south state, were approved by the Council of the Federal...