Cognitive behavioral therapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how we feel and what we do, or behavioral modification techniques and verbal interventions that are used on clients to alter their maladaptive thinking. It is a short term and goal-oriented psychotherapy treatment that takes a hands-on, practical approach to problem-solving. Its goal is to change patterns of thinking or behavior that ...view middle of the document...
These therapies include Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, Rational Living Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, and Dialectic Behavior Therapy. It can be used on a various types of disorders such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and addiction.
In the 1960’s psychiatrist Aaron Beck came up with the idea that his patients were having internal dialogue going on in their minds. The patient would only report a fraction of what was being thought to the therapist. Beck realized that the connection between thoughts and feelings were an important connection. That’s when he created the term automatic thoughts. Automatic thoughts are emotion filled thoughts that might pop up in the mind. Clients were not always aware of the thoughts but could learn to identify and describe them. The reason why Beck called it Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is because of the importance of thinking as well as the behaviors and actions that follow the thought. Many CBT treatment programs for specific disorders have been evaluated for efficacy; the health-care trend of evidence-based treatment, where specific treatments for symptom-based diagnoses are recommended, has favored CBT over other approaches such as psychodynamic treatments