Courage and Moral Leadership
Dr. Alvin Lee
Analyze the qualities that mirror courage and moral leadership in the leader, and document those qualities (moral traits) as discussed by Daft (2010) (Chapter 6: Courage and Moral Leadership).
Martin Luther King, Jr. was the mirror image of a moral and courageous leader. Dr. King upheld his morality principles as well as set examples for his followers. Dr. King had special virtues in which he lived and they was love, courage, hope amongst others. " Love, courage, hope, non conformity, and impatience were embodied in the sit-ins, boycotts, and marches, in which King himself was often a participant" ...view middle of the document...
Describe the pressures the leader faced and how and why he or she was able to handle them. (In other words, what gave this leader the courage needed to address the issue at hand?)
When Dr. King decided to take on his leadership role for his fellow African Americans the nation was divided. The nation was divided by racism, nationality and also by how to approach the situations at hand. Racism is a great threat to social peace and Dr. King was all about peace. He had pressure and criticism from black northerners by not responding to the antagonizes with force by any means necessary. The leader faced pressure because he was up against segregation and inequality in the eyes of the law. He faced jail time, assault blackmail, wiretapping, surveillance, slander and last but not least assassination as a result of leading the Civil Rights Movement. Despite the pressures and hardships that he faced he still had the courage to lead the movement. Dr. King drew his courage from love. He believed that "love constituted a kind of power, indeed the power that is adequate to the task of overcoming oppression"(Rice 2004 para 6). He also drew his courage from his strong religious roots. Dr. King's religious commitment, was similar to Gandhi’s, in which he later stated "As I delved deeper into the philosophy of Gandhi. ... I came to see for the first time that the Christian doctrine of love, operating through the Gandhian method of nonviolence" (SL, 150). Dr. King was deeply committed to his religion besides being a civil rights leader he was a Baptist minister. Dr. King's religion gave him the courage he needed to address the issues at hand. He believed that “God led King (him) to conclude that the worth of individuals is simply part of the given ness of creation" (Large 1991). Raking had a theory of non-violence in which he applied to every part of his movement in an attempt to bring peace to both sides and not agitate the situation. According to research King believed "nonviolence is bi-directional. It seeks to change the character of the oppressor to include a broader vision of humanity"(Large 1991 para 15).
Identify any mistakes that this leader may have made for which that he/she accepted responsibility; explain what the leader (should have) learned from these mistakes.
During the Civil Rights movement J. Edgar Hoover wire tapped phone conversations of M.L.K accusing him of being a black nationalist and having connections with communist while in the midst of spying they uncovered that King was involved with several women. For him to be a devoted Christian adultery is seen as a violation of the 10 Commandments which is a sin. The FBI sought to defame Dr. King and make it be known that he was a hypocritical leaders with the hopes that he would step down from his position. They used this information to attempt to blackmail him from accepting Noble Peace Prize and making speeches. Dr. King even though he knew he had...