In this case study we will be taking a close look at the United States legal system and how it became what it is today.
Research issue or case/code chosen:
Where did our legal system originate from? Discuss the development of the court system; Special Federal Courts, Federal District Courts, Federal Courts of Appeal, United States Supreme Courts, State Courts, Inferior Courts, Courts of Original General Jurisdiction, and Appellate Courts. Explain when each court system was developed, why it was developed, and what each specified section of the court system does.
Our legal system was installed by the European colonists when they settled in this country. Our ...view middle of the document...
The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has national jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.
The United States Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. The supreme court hears cases that involve a state, public ministers and cases that are appealed from the federal court of appeals.
The state court system is also broken down in to four different courts; Inferior Courts, Courts of Original General Jurisdiction, Appellate Courts and Special Courts.
Inferior Courts are also known as county court, municipal, magistrate and small claims court. They try minor criminal offenses and civil suits.
Courts of Original General Jurisdiction this is the most important court within the state court system. This is the court of record where a case is first tried. they are also known as trial cases because they have evidence and witnesses.
Appellate Court is the states appeals court. A party can appeal to the appellate court when they are unhappy with the final verdict of a trial.