A very controversial issue that arises within the United States is the topic of the death penalty. The discussion that arises is either about if the death penalty should be allowed at all or in this case if the death penalty is an effective deterrent against the crime of murder. As of May 2012 in the United States thirty three out of the fifty states do have the death penalty, and seventeen currently do not. By regions within the United States the south has the highest executions. With Texas being to highest state to actually execute criminals.
People who support the death penalty say that it gives closure to the victim's families, serves justice, and deters the crime of murder. Throughout the past society has always used punishment to deter criminals from committing future crimes. Since it is in the societies best interest to prevent murder it uses the strongest sentence available to deter ...view middle of the document...
A few surveys that have been done on this topic stated the following results, all which prove the death penalty is not actually an effective deterrence to the crime of murder. A 2010 poll by Lake Research Partners found that a majority of voters would choose a punishment other than the death penalty for the crime of murder. Also a report by the National Research Council, titled Deterrence and the Death Penalty, stated that studies claiming that the death penalty has a deterrent effect on murder rates are “fundamentally flawed” and should not be used when making policy decisions.
According to a survey of the former and present presidents of the country’s top academic criminological societies, eighty eight percent of these experts rejected the concept that the death penalty acts as a deterrent to murder. Consistent with previous years, the 2010 FBI Uniform Crime Report showed that the South had the highest murder rate but also accounts for over eight percent of executions.
In my opinion the death penalty is not an effective deterrent to the crime of murder. This is confirmed by the statistic that the south has the highest murder rate and also the highest execution rate by region. This proves in fact the death penalty does not actually deter the crime of murder. If the death penalty was an effective deterrent then the south would have the lowest murder rate and lowest execution rate, for instance like the north region.
Since the death penalty is not a proven deterrent against the crime of murder then in my opinion a punishment other than the death penalty for the crime of murder should be the automatic sentence. One would think that the death penalty would deter people from committing murder but since it doesn’t then it should be taking out of the sentencing options. If this plan was enacted then it would indeed save tax payers more money because carrying out the death penalty is more costly than life in prison without the possibility of parole.
DPIC. Rep. N.p., May 2012. Web. <http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/documents/FactSheet.pdf>.