Describe what life was like women and children under the Nazis
Hitler went through a lot of trouble to make sure that the young people were loyal to him and the Nazi party. School books were
rewritten to give them good view of Nazi's; all teachers had to belong to the German Teachers League, put across Nazi ideas in
their lessons and go to compulsory training courses during school holidays. German school children were not educated but
indoctrinated (getting people to believe in a set of ideas.)
Outside of school, young people had to belong to youth organisation which taught them loyalty to Hitler and military training.
The five organisations together made up Hitler Youth Movement (HYM):
By 1939 some 8 ...view middle of the document...
Those with the
highest scores went to special schools were they were trained to be leaders of the future. The Adolf Hitler Schools took boys
from the Young Folk at the age of 12, gave them 6 years of tough training before sending them to university or the army. The
very best pupils) were sent to school called Order Castle were they were pushed to their limits of endurance. Students, who
were not injured or killed, graduated to be the very models of Hitler's idea of youth- swift, tough, and very hard.
Shortly after coming into power in 1933, Hitler made a law for the encouragement or marriage.
It said the government would give newly married couples a loan of 1000 marks (9 months wages)
1 child = 1/4 of the marks (250 marks)
Hitler summed up a woman's places with 'the three K's' - Kinder, Kircher, und Kuche (Children, Church and Cooking).
Women were forced to stay at home, sacked from their jobs as doctors, civil servants, lawyers and teachers. By 1939 there were
only a few women left in professional jobs.
Even at home the Nazi's tried to stop women from following fashions. Wearing make- up and jeans were frowned upon.
Hair in a bun or two plaits, not died, not permed and slimming was discouraged as it was not good for carrying a child.
The only thing women were encouraged to do was have children.
12 august (Hitler's mothers birthday) the women with most children was awarded the motherhood cross.
The Nazi's set up homes for unmarried mothers these were called Lebensborn (the spring of life). Recognised by a white flag
with a red dot in the middle (in a way these were brothels). An unmarried could go there with the aim of getting pregnant and
be introduced to 'racially pure' SS men