Development of Corrections
University of Phoenix
Women prisons before the 18oo’s were non-existent. Before the 19th century, women were housed in the same prisons as men. Back then, women were treated the same as the men were. Women were not only housed with men, but also they were supervised by men, which mean that women were twice as likely to be harmed in some way. Prisons for women today have change dramatically. Now, women are housed in separate facilities from male prisoners, and ...view middle of the document...
There are three basic arguments that supported the separation of juveniles, they are as follows: the first one was that the penitentiary regimen was too hard for tender youth (Foster, 2006, p. 34), the next one was that juveniles would learn bad habits from older criminals and be embittered by the experience of confinement (Foster, 2006, p. 34), and the last one is that adolescents could be reformed if they were diverted early enough into institutions designed specifically for people their age (Foster, 2006, p. 34). If there was no distinction for juveniles from adults, then the juveniles could become more inclined to continue committing crimes because they are more likely to fall under the bad influences of adult prisoners.
Last, there were two main purposes for prison labor. One was to focus the prisoner’s time and energy in a productive manner, and the second was to turn a profit to cover the prison’s operating costs. The reasons for the decline of prison labor were because it was bad for business, it took jobs away from free people, and it was considered inhumane (Foster, 2006, p. 46).
Foster, B. (2006). Corrections: The Fundamentals. Prentice-Hall.