Diabetes Disparities Essay

385 words - 2 pages

Diabetes Disparities

Minorities have a higher prevalence of diabetes than whites
•Different studies found that African Americans are from 1.4 to 2.2 times more likely to have diabetes than white persons.
•Hispanic Americans have a higher prevalence of diabetes than non-Hispanic people, with the highest rates for type 2 diabetes among Puerto Ricans and Hispanic people living in the Southwest and the lowest rate among Cubans.
•The prevalence of diabetes among American Indians is 2.8 times the overall rate.
•Major groups within the Asian and Pacific Islander communities (Japanese Americans, Chinese Americans, Filipino Americans, and ...view middle of the document...

These include kidney disease, eye disease, coronary artery disease, and increased mortality. Cultural and economic barriers have increased complications for minorities. Some of these are a distrust of insulin therapy, preference for traditional remedies, and a fatalistic approach of acceptance of the disease.
Reducing Disparities
• Diet, Exercise, and Primary Prevention
Education of communities about better diets and exercise has found to improve rates of diabetes
• Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP)
A program used in 31 states and 9 countries to educate on nutritional change, medications, resources, and decision making
• Family Support
Improved diabetes management

Speaker notes: Decreasing cultural and economic barriers can decrease diabetes and improve management of the disease. Education throughout the country and specific minorities on proper diet and exercise, specifically in families that already have members with diabetes, have a huge impact on prevention of the disease. Programs are being developed such as CDSMP to help teach families on transitioning to better diets and exercise. They offer classes to explain the disease process, medication and insulin therapy, and offer resources and supplies. It is also important to educate families to help encourage support of their loved ones through participating in nutritional change and emotional support. The more support an individual has, the better outcomes to treatment and disease management.
http://www.ahrq.gov/research/diabdisp.htm

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