Effects Of Domestic Violence Essay

1419 words - 6 pages

Throughout the world domestic violence is recognized as a solemn human rights violation, which has a major effect on the lives of millions of women, men and children. Frequently domestic violence is hidden away behind closed doors, leaving the victims suffering in silence. Victims of domestic violence may be of any age, ethnicity, income level, or level of education. (Dryden-Edwards R, MD, page 3) Domestic violence has also been established to have no discrepancy of sex. This meaning that both male and female are found victimized by association of domestic violence. Among the ages between 16 and 59, 23 per cent of women and 15 per cent of men have been physically abused by former or current ...view middle of the document...

Built on increasing evidence, the fiscal burden imposed on victims, households and private businesses due to domestic violence; significantly delays economic growth and development of a society. (Bowlus A, McKenna, K and Gibbons L, page 7) Domestic violence has the ability to affect a person’s physical structure, their psychological growth and corrupt the victim’s social demeanor.
​Physically, domestic violence is defined as a threat of harm or any forceful physical behavior that deliberately causes bodily harm or property destruction. Physical health effects of domestic violence are diverse, but victims are known to suffer major physical problems as a result. Battering is the single major cause of injury to both men and women, more significant than auto accidents, rapes, or muggings. (Murray A. Straus and Richard J. Gelles, page 77) Many of the physical injuries placed on victims, causes medical difficulties as they grow older. According to Richard Bailey, “Arthritis, hypertension and heart disease have been identified by victimized women as directly caused by aggravated domestic violence early in their adult lives”. John Perrone stated, that “Medical disorders such as diabetes or hypertension may be worse in victims of domestic violence, this being the abuser may not allow them access to medications or adequate medical care as a source of dominance”. (Page 1)
Victims of domestic violence may have obvious physical signs of traumatic injury, but they may also complain of unmarked symptoms. The victim may be affected through chronic pelvic pain, abdominal discomfort, frequent vaginal and urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV. (Encyclopedia of Human Ecology, page 182) Female domestic violence victims may also experience pregnancy related problems. Women who are battered during pregnancy are at higher risk for poor weight gain, miscarriage, low infant birth weight, and injury to or death of the fetus. Likewise, the physical effects of domestic violence towards children and adolescents also result in both superficial and internal damages. Research has proven that children who are victims of domestic violence are less likely to participate in physical activities. This being because their bodies are continuously battered, due to the effects of domestic violence; causing the cycle of bone healing to be constantly interrupted. (Osofsky J, page 34)
Victims who experienced childhood domestic violence were considerably more likely to report lifetime anhedonia. According to “Mosby's Medical Dictionary”, “Anhedonia is the inability to feel pleasure or happiness in response to experiences that are ordinarily pleasurable.” (Page, 99) Research has proven that victims who witness domestic violence and are physically abused, are at a higher risk for emotional and psychological instability than those who do not. (Dowd E. N, Singer G. D and Wilson F. R, page 5) While the main focus for many are the physical injuries suffered by...

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