This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Energy Resources And The 21st Century

1227 words - 5 pages

Most conversations regarding the planets energy resources and their appropriate place in today’s society reveal extensive ignorance on the subject and deliberate misinformation by both sides of the argument;, the energy producers and the environmentalists. Any honest appraisal of the future of global energy must begin with a full and balanced understanding of resources and their uses.

The earth provides us with two basic natural energy resources, fossil fuels and renewable flows of energies stemming from the heat of the sun, as solar energy and the winds which circle the planet, as well as the movement of water and the internal energies of the planet (geo-thermals). Fossil fuels are the ...view middle of the document...

Because all fossil fuels originated from biomass they contain traces of sulfur, generally less in oils and gases than in coal. The burning of fossil fuels releases this sulfur as sulfur dioxide the largest contributor to acid rain. The release of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels, however, is of the greatest environmental concern. Carbon dioxide is the most important man made greenhouse gas and its rising atmospheric concentrations have already been proven to have begun affecting the global climate. The carbon content of coals is as much as 85 percent, a similar percentage is found in crude oil, natural gas has only 75 percent carbon and therefore its combustion generates the least amount of CO2 per unit of released energy.

When assessing fossil fuels we must understand two terms, reserves and resources. Resources are the totality of a particular deposit the on the plant. Reserves are those resources that can be extracted with available technology in a manner that is efficient and profitable; advances in exploration and extraction constantly transfer from the broader resource category to the reserve pool. Reserves become resources. Rising costs of extraction and its unacceptable environmental and social consequences have led us repeatedly to stop the transfer between the two categories long before any given resource could be exhausted on the global scale. Resource substitutions (eg: wood replaced by coal, replaced by oil, replaced by natural gas) have been a key characteristic of human evolution for since man began making tools, and his discovery of fire, and there is no reason to assume that this process will not continue. Today increased efficiencies in available resource use are another important factor as everyday energy conversions now provide two or three times as much useful energy from a unit of fossil fuels than they did in 1900. And like the resource substitution sequence, this process is nowhere near its end. Seen from these perspectives, claims about the imminent exhaustion of fossil fuel supplies can be discounted. Long before any resource can be physically exhausted it will be replaced by a combination of new energy sources and improved efficiencies.

Current estimates of coal resources worldwide are at least 6 trillion and as much as 11 trillion tons. Since most of the fuel in the ground will always remain there as it is too costly to mine, and too polluting to burn, a more meaningful number for coal reserves is approximately 1 trillion tons. This represents about 230 years worth of reserves (dividing reserve total by annual output), more than three times as high as the rate for natural gas and more than four times larger than the reserves for crude oil. And while coal deposits are more widely distributed than crude oil...

Other Papers Like Energy Resources And The 21st Century

Toulmin Proposal Essay

1683 words - 7 pages ). Infrastructure and alternative energy in the 21st century: Does 20th century U.S. tax policy leave us tilting at windmills? Tax Management International Journal, 40(1), 3-23. Retrieved from Covers the extent in which alternative energy can help decline dependence on other countries for resources. The article discusses President Obama’s plan to improve the United States production of

Eco561 Tootsie Roll Essay

256 words - 2 pages Tootsie Roll can make a major capital investment in new, energy efficient equipment. According to the tax assessor’s office, the average life of candy making machinery and equipment is fifteen years (Personal Property Manual, 2010). Taking a look at the depreciation taken by the company, it can be assumed that most of the equipment is much older than this. Energy is the biggest expense for a company outside of raw resources. As the price of

Energy Resource Plan

323 words - 2 pages I have arranged for this Homeowners Association meeting to discuss the importance of the energy issue we are facing in our community. The reason why conserving energy is important right now is so we can save our environment from further damage, conserving energy will also save our community money. We need to know the difference between renewable and non-renewable resources, and what methods we need to take to conserve energy. Non – renewable


658 words - 3 pages resources that come from the remains of plants and animals. These remains are millions of years old. Fossil fuels, like coal, oil, and natural gas, provide the energy that powers our lifestyles and our economy. Fossil fuels are a finite, non-renewable resource. They remain the primary source for the production of electricity. Fossil Fuel is an attractive source of energy because it is the only powerful source of energy, and because they are accessible

Energy Choices

1031 words - 5 pages dwindle, becoming too expensive or too environmentally damaging to retrieve. Non-renewable energy cannot be replenished in a short period of time.  In this paper I will discuss what energy resources we currently rely on for everyday use, what impacts have been observed on both humans and the environment as a result of increasing energy needs and usage, what new energy resource is best for your home and how can a few simple changes can make a


1198 words - 5 pages What makes someone a leader? What qualities or characteristics does a good leader possess? What is leadership? These are hotly debated questions with a vast amount of varying answers. No matter what the answers are to these questions, one thing is certain, it’s not enough just to be considered a good leader. You also have to be effective as a leader. The leader of the 21st Century must have vision and be able to inspire the people they lead


2455 words - 10 pages airlines from 1995 to 1999. Even more dramatic was the industry’s plunge into record operating losses and a financial crisis between 2000 and 2005, with cumulative net losses of $40 billion. Here we contrast two airlines; one which remained profitable during the financial melt- down of 2008-09 and another which suffered losses. Source: (Global Airline Industry Program) Key challenges for aviation industry in 21st century (Challenges For The

Spectrum Management And The Global Positioning System; A Case Study In Interagency Coordination

300 words - 2 pages golden era with rapidly advancing technology. The 21st century has appeared that human are at busiest to compete to gain wealth by exploiting all possible resources. However, busy lifestyle has caused issues such as traffic congestion. Time always appears to be a resource easily hit scarcity. This era where information is the riches has invoked the demand of mankind on a tool to navigate so that time will not be wasted when they are lost in

Energy Crisis In Pakistan

1770 words - 8 pages Introduction of Energy Crisis in Pakistan:- Energy resources are the backbone of social economic development of any country. It is essential for the production and making of goods and other things like cotton sheets which contributes a lot of revenue in the budget of Pakistan. Energy is essential for running machinery in industrial facilities, industrial devices, lightening the cities and running the system of transport. Now a day there

What Makes Countries Rich Or Poor

351 words - 2 pages without doing so I would add that those inclusive institutions are formed on people believes and vision of the future, their cultural preferences and personal characteristics. And hopefully, with more people reading this article and furthermore a full version of the book, we will see more examples towards inclusive institutions in the 21st century.

The Health Of Future Generations Starts Today

1029 words - 5 pages care for more environmental causes. Additionally, continued recycling and community clean efforts should be every family’s daily responsibility. “Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow. “Abdul Kalam References Alternative Energy. (n.d.). Alternative Energy Solutions for the 21st Century. Retrieved from Alternative Energy: Göpel, M. (2011, Jan). Guarding our Future: How to Protect

Related Essays

English Debate: The Need For Alternative Energy Resources

759 words - 4 pages team of officials and more projects getting up and running for the near future. 2. We believe that some of the short term programs that should be enacted first are getting the federal government agencies and the White House itself to start using renewable resources. To start having half of the energy these buildings are using to come from renewable energy resources like solar or wind power. By incorporating these types of renewable energy

Examine How Ideas About Race Were Elaborated In The Second Half Of 19th Century And The Early 20th Century

2989 words - 12 pages important contribution (Hannaford, 1996, p.188). However, almost all studies agree that a distinctive development of racial thinking began to take place in the Nineteenth Century (Hirschfield, 1998, p.35). The Nineteenth Century saw the search for the historical and biological origins of race (Hannaford, 1996, p.235). It went beyond the simply classification of race and towards a more significant delineation of race into one that embodies

New Service Development: Managing The Dynamic Between Services And Operations Resources

356 words - 2 pages By presenting this paper author try to explore greater understand the nature of new service development (NSD) and to investigate the relationship between NSD and operations resources due to previous research suggests that (NSD) is characterized by less stable offerings, less formal processes and is more emergent than new product development. Author successfully provide detail case study a sample of new services in Business-to-business markets in

The ‘Christianization’ Process Of The London Missionary Society In 19th Century South Africa: A Case Study Of Bethelsdorp And Thornberg

8965 words - 36 pages themselves, often temporarily to mission stations, few did so for spiritual reasons. He’s work suggest mission stations mainly as places of refuge for the San, from the dangers of the frontier life and as resources to be exploited for whatever it might yield.Along with missionaries and empire, come arguments about what the meaning of “civilization” was, and what were its political implications. As Elbourne remarks that the early nineteenth century L.M.S