This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Epidemiology Of Mononucleosis Essay

1402 words - 6 pages

Epidemiology of Mononucleosis
Lori Lindner
Grand Canyon University: 427V
March 14, 2015

Epidemiology of Mononucleosis
Infectious mononucleosis is a common clinical syndrome associated with Epstein-Barr virus (Singer-Leshinsky, 2012). Individuals infected with the Epstein-Barr virus can be asymptomatic or develop one of several infections which include infectious mononucleosis. A person with mononucleosis can be asymptomatic or symptomatic. Infectious mononucleosis is an acute and self limiting virus which is usually has no lasting side effects (Morris and Edmunds, 2002). However in some uncommon cases, infectious mononucleosis has caused neurologic and malignant complications ...view middle of the document...

Over the counter pain and fever relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be used to control symptoms but they will not cure the virus. Within a few weeks most of the symptoms will subside, however it is important to get appropriate rest for two to three months. Patients that try to return to normal activity too soon can suffer a relapse of the virus.
One of the most common complications of infectious mononucleosis is an enlarged spleen. Sports and other physical activities are not advised with this virus because of the enlarged spleen symptoms. Engaging in strenuous physical sports with an enlarged spleen can cause the spleen to rupture. Spleen rupture occurs in approximately 0.5% of people with mononucleosis and usually occurs in male patients that have resumed normal activities too quickly (Ilardi, 2009).
The following complications of infectious mononucleosis are usually mild and resolve without treatment: thrombocytopenia, hepatitis and autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Other complications that can occur are airway obstruction, which usually occurs in young children and is treated with corticosteroids. Several neurologic complications can also occur but occur rarely such as: seizures, Guillain-Barre syndrome, Bell’s palsy, transverse myelitis, encephalitis, meningitis and cranial nerve palsies. Other rare complications can involve the heart, lungs or kidneys (Ilardi, 2009). “An interesting psychiatric condition that may occur with patients with infectious mononucleosis is known as the “Alice in Wonderland” syndrome, in which patients have a visual distortion of size, shape and special relations of objects (Marshall and Foxworth, 2012).”
Although infectious mononucleosis is more prevalent in adolescents and young adults, it can affect a person at any age. The reason for the prevalence in the younger population is simply that 95% of the older generations have had prior exposure to the Epstein Barr virus that causes infectious mononucleosis. Once exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus, a person acquires lifetime latent infection. Infectious mononucleosis occurs equally in genders, race, ethnicity and sexual orientation. (Singer-Leshinsky, 2012).
Determinants of Health
In third world and underdeveloped countries, most young infants are exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus by close contact with family and the virus is almost always asymptomatic. However, in economically stable, developed countries primary infection of the Epstein-Barr virus is delayed because of better hygiene. Researchers are still trying to understand why this later infection has a much higher incidence of developing into infectious mononucleosis (Rickinson and Fox, 2013).
In developed countries, such as those in North America, infectious mononucleosis is seen mostly in adolescents and young adults. These populations spread the virus quickly because of their close contact with their peers. The infectious mononucleosis virus is spread through contact with...

Other Papers Like Epidemiology Of Mononucleosis

Jail Responsibilities Essay

589 words - 3 pages Jail Responsibilities Monique Priorello September 23, 2012 One of the main responsibilities of a jail is to give the officers the correct “Police Correspondence” courses. This is because these courses give the officers the effective basic training that they need to do things such as; Writing of Memoranda, Police Reports, and Civilian Letters. What needs to be done first is make sure that there are NO errors. This means in

Mgt330 Essay

638 words - 3 pages Starbucks Nefertiti Wright Sangita Patel October 15, 2012 STARBUCKS 2 STARBUCKS - 1 - [no notes on this page]I. Job description a. Baristas II. Job specifications a. Duties III. Form of departmentalization STARBUCKS 3 Starbucks Starbucks have been named in the 100 best companies to work for. Starbucks has many job opportunities for people, which require the right job specifications. The employees create uplifting

Fight Club

917 words - 4 pages Fight Club is a story of the narrator’s struggle to gain control over his life. He is in search for an identity in the form of manhood. His masculinity is so repressed because of the absence of a father figure in his life. Because of this he creates Tyler, his alternate personality. Tyler is nothing like anyone the narrator has met, he is self assured and completely free. The narrators alternate personality Tyler Durden is the ultimate alpha

The Powers Of The Health And Safety Representative

254 words - 2 pages The Powers of the Health and Safety Representative A health and safety representative has the power to: Identify Workplace Hazards The health and safety representative has the power to identify workplace hazards. This power is usually exercised by conducting workplace inspections. Obtain Information from the Employer The health and safety representative is entitled to the same information available to a joint committee member. Under the Act

Lesson Plan

6476 words - 26 pages QWERTYUIOP by Vivien Alcock Table of Contents Introduction About Short Stories The Writer Synopsis Elements Activities Beyond The Text Assessment Answer Key Glossary Panel of Writers [pic] SHORT STORY Welcome to the World of Literature and to Short Stories! We hope you will enjoy working with this guidebook, which has been specially designed to help you prepare your students enjoy the Literature

Management

1227 words - 5 pages marketing is a relatively new concept linked to these developments. In the main, it is concerned with decisions for integrating or standardizing marketing actions across a number of geographic markets. This does not rule out any customization of the marketing mix to individual countries but suggests that organisations should capitalize on similarities between markets to build competitive advantage. Compelling cases can be put forward for both a

Facing Poverty With A Rich Girl's Habit

783 words - 4 pages through the trials and tribulations in their life and (4) that no matter what you have or don’t’ have in life you must always be true to yourself. Some of the other main points in this story are that Suki’s father owned shipping, mining and hotel companies in South Korea and that the Kim family was millionaires who lived in a mansion on top of a hill surrounded by ponds, peacocks and orchards with chauffeurs and maids. They had lived in a

3-4-50 Paper

572 words - 3 pages -4-50 paperLack of exercise is a key contributor to disease and death among many people in the United States, regardless of age. It is a well-known fact that exercise results in a healthier lifestyle. Along with tobacco use and poor nutrition, lack of exercise is one of the main issues that people have which leads to high blood pressure, obesity, and other serious health problems. According to a study by UCSD School of Medicine and SDSU

Capitalism

836 words - 4 pages Miguel Beatrice Capitalism is an economic system in which private individuals and business firms carry out production and exchange of goods and services through complex transactions involved in prices and markets. By extension called capitalist higher social class of this economic system ("bourgeoisie"), or to the common form would the individual interests of capital owners in both companies, shareholders and patterns, also called capitalism

Sociology

1177 words - 5 pages Homelessness in America Homelessness in America is a social problem that we are faced with on a daily basis. Despite the vast number of research done by Americans on homelessness, little is still known about the effect that it has on our society. The overall image that emerges from the effects of homeless people

Mental Health Community Service Essay

509 words - 3 pages Ladesca Smith Nursing 162 Community Volunteer Service Assignment Why you chose this agency? I chose this Sharing God’s Love, because I was interested in what kind of services they provide. I also wanted to know if there was any help out there for the people in need with mental illnesses. I also had lots of my kid’s old clothing that I needed to get rid of, so I donated it to them. Describe the population the agency serves. The

Related Essays

Lafarge S.A Essay

2924 words - 12 pages NAME: IHEKANANDU KINGSLEY N. COURSE: MGMT 292 / F12 N01 TITLE: INDIVIDUAL CASE STUDY (LAFARGE S.A.) SUBMITTED: October 5, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS 2. INTRODUCTION 3 3. DESCRIPTION OF CASE 4 4. VALUES 4 4.1. Types of values 4 5. TEAMWORK 7 6. MOTIVATION 8 7. CREATIVITY 9 7.1. Components of creativity 9 8. CONCLUSION 12 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY 13 INTRODUCTION This report aims to provide an in-depth analysis of initiatives pursued by Lafarge as

Finance Essay

665 words - 3 pages Financial statements are the most common tool used for making business decisions. They consist of the balance sheet, income statement and statement of cash flows. The analysis tools used affect all aspects of a company not just a few. A systematic review of the resources a company used to achieve its mission is cost control. Cash flow should be kept at necessary levels for operations is one of the major benefits of cost control. It is a very

Analysis Of Operation Blue Star And Its Effects On The Gandhi Dynasty

934 words - 4 pages The period of time including and following Operation Blue star is considered a dark time in India and black spot in Indian history. It is a time Indian would rather forget, yet still to this day debate about. Was Indihar Gandhi correct in instating operation Blue Star, inflicting damage to the Golden temple, and being responsible for the killing of anywhere from 492 (official reports) to 1500 (estimates run as high as) civilians, which lead to

Regretful Decisions Essay

930 words - 4 pages stay with his fiancée Isabel and her family while he was in the military as well as not accepting Sonny’s not accepting Sonny’s decision to become a musician. While making his first steps, young Sonny ran and fell into the arms of his older brother. Sonny running and falling into the arms of his brothers arms symbolizes the relationship between the two. This demonstrates brotherly love in that it reflects how Sonny’s older brother is supposed to