Individual Ethics Essay
ETH/316: Ethics and Social Responsibility
University of Phoenix
Theories are formed to display different beliefs, most of the time people agree with a portion of different beliefs rather than the entire concept. Theories are often used to put characters into perspective or to help people figure out who they are and where they belong. The virtue theory, the utilitarianism theory and deontological theory have similarity and differences. These theories also address ethics and morality differently, which makes it more of a challenge to decide which one to go with.
Virtue ethics theory stands on the position that “we become good when we cultivate excellence (virtue) by pursuing the moderate course between excess and defect” (Boylan, 2009). This theory address ethics by challenging whether of not we judge a person by their actions rather than their ...view middle of the document...
Ethics teaches us that we are responsible for our own actions and ourselves. Selfishness is a major part of human nature this theory goes against that. Even though this theory is morally based, it would have to become ethically coordinated to work. This is so because it takes people coming together so there need to be a form of social contract.
Deontological ethics is “the moral theory that suggests that an agent’s duty is based upon principle. The theory bases its duties on the nature of human reason or on the nature of human action. It asserts the existence of moral facts and so is a moral realist theory” (Boylan, 2009). This theory is more ethically bases because it emphasizes a persons obligation. Obligation or duty requires a code of ethics, it requires a mutual understanding that someone will always do what they are suppose to without being told. Even though morals causes humans to feel guilty when they do the wrong thing it is not enough for a person to always do what they are suppose to.
The similarity between the virtue theory, the utilitarianism theory and deontological theory is that they all challenge a persons moral and ethics. They are also similar because they all require ethics and morals to support these theories. The differences are virtue is both morally and ethically base, utilitarianism is morally based and deontological is more ethically based.
I am in the military which is ethically based and supports the deontological theory more that any of the three. Personally, I do not feel that it is my duty to serve my country or at least not as much as many of my fellow comrades. I am more of a virtuous person I believe that a person’s character tells who they are and their actions are only a small part of who they become in different situations. Ethically my job says the enemy is the enemy and we should not care about them or their family but morally and personally I would want to know their character and what causes them to act they way they do.
Boylan, M. (2009). Basic ethics: Basic ethics in action (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.