Introduction to Multicultural and Ethic Studies
November 28, 2013
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. vs. Malcolm X
The civil rights movement was a social and legal struggle to gain full citizenship rights for African Americans. There were many different leaders and influential people that helped throughout the civil rights movement. There was not one specific event that triggered this movement, but arguably a confluence of events triggered the modern civil rights movement. Events such as; the murder of Emmit Till in 1955, Rosa Parks and the refusal to give up her seat in 1955, and the legal victories in the Brown cases in 1954-55. Boycotts, sit – ins, protest marches, ...view middle of the document...
Even when he got thrown into jail in Birmingham he wrote a letter and in the letter it said, “type of constructive nonviolent tension that is necessary for growth . . . the type of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood.” His “I had a Dream” speech was for the hope of America’s future of racial harmony and justice for all.
The Phrase “Black Power” was introduced by Stokely Carmichael, and means self – determination through group solidarity. Mr. Carmichael rejected Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s goals of integration and only wanted racial distinction, to be known for “Black Power.” He abandoned the vision of non – violence. Malcolm X became the movement’s most influential spokesmen, and “Black Power” became the cry of African Americans. It symbolized the frustrations of many integrations as well as black nationalists. Malcolm X worked with Elijah Poole (Elijah Muhammad), who became the...