Diagnosis Paper |
Diagnosis Paper: Failure to Thrive |
Linda DeMartinis |
Failure to thrive has been recognized as a medical condition since the early 1900s. There is no universally excepted definition for the term “failure to thrive”. It is a term that describes a condition rather than a specific disease. Failure to Thrive is exactly what it sounds like; it is a failure of the body to perform the functions needed to survive.
In infants and young children it is defined as a significant interruption in the expected rate of growth. It is important to note that the term “failure to thrive” is used to describe elderly individuals with declining health, ...view middle of the document...
When evaluating a child with failure to thrive it is important to gather information about the causes, (medical, emotional, behavioral) and how they contribute to the functional problems the child is experiencing. Doctors perform physical exams and check the height, weight, and body shape. The medical and family history is also looked over and factors in the environment, such as abuse or neglect.
Whether Failure to Thrive results from medical, emotional, behavioral reasons, children with this condition require aggressive calorie supplementation. Some cases may lead to significant developmental delays in children. The cognitive outcome of children who have had Failure to Thrive is not clear, and this may lead to emotional and behavioral problems later on in life. However, carefully looking for the causes of failure to thrive and implementing calorie supplementation is important for obtaining a positive outcome in these children.
When working with children and adults with failure to thrive, it is important to have compassion and patience. You will often be educating and providing information and resources for parents and care giver on proper care of their child or loved one. With proper care and education of care givers some of the underlying cause of Failure to Thrive can be helped.
DIAGNOSIS PAPER PART 2
OT Intervention Approaches and Methods used. Within Occupational Therapy failure to thrive is a large concern. Failure to thrive is most often found in the practice areas of children and youth. It is also found in areas related to Health and Wellness, and Rehabilitation. The Occupational Therapy used for individuals who have failure to thrive tries to expose them to stimuli to help normalize sensory input and to encourage them to actively participate and develop motor control needed for their own survival. This type of therapy is needed because often an individual with failure to thrive is unable to perform basic functions such as eating on their own, and they are under developed mentally and physically.
Evaluation tools are used to establish a baseline. Occupational therapy protocol is presented to facilitate a thorough assessment. The therapy assessment will emphasize feeding issues and care taker-child interaction. The protocol questions are relevant to the child's age group as well as to specific clinical issues commonly observed in the failure to thrive population. The occupational therapy protocol that is most often used in these cases is the product of three years of clinical practice during which comprehensive team evaluations were performed with a large failure to thrive patient population.( Rick Denton 1986) The protocol aims are to identify problems and characteristics of the condition that are observed repeatedly.
The protocol has two sections, one for infants and one for toddlers. The protocol lists questions relevant to the child's age group as well as to specific clinical issues commonly observed. Infant...