Gender And The Achievement Gap Essay

2042 words - 9 pages

Running Head: The Gender Achievement Gap 1

The Gender Achievement Gap
Clint Overstreet

2

The No Child Left Behind Act requires that states bring students up to the "proficient" level on state tests and individual schools have to meet state “adequate yearly progress.” This mandate targets not only all “typical” students, but students from all demographics. With this factor of accountability, as well as school success, many researchers have studied the gap in educational achievement and how these gaps can be lessened. The most noted gaps in academic success include the areas of gender, socioeconomic status, race, ...view middle of the document...

girls spend more time reading and tend to be more interested in language and literacy.” Supporting this theory, researchers from the University of Michigan (Chavez) found that parents (unintentionally) tend to provide their male children with toys and books that are math and science related. Society’s views on gender behavior is evident for example as parents and children alike are guilty of being more accepting of a female student displaying emotion while reading or writing of piece of literature. However, a male student could be ridiculed or teased by peers by displaying the same emotions.
Additionally, University of Michigan researchers found that educational providers also tend to play a role in the discrepancy between male and female academic performance. Researchers found that educators “unknowingly” expect male students to answer questions within the classroom. Teachers often provide male students with motivation to “compete” with other students. This motivation lends to the innate need of males to dominate and succeed.
In contrast teachers unintentionally tend to motivate female students to be more “creative” and therefore push them more in the academic area of reading and writing. Society often depicts creative play, interest in writing and reading as attributes which girls possess. In maintaining the masculine theme society has embedded, many boys are not encouraged to participate or expected to excel in this subject area.
4

Society and culture not only play a part in the differences in academic achievement between male and female students but also in the expectations in acceptable behavior. Families and society tend to expect and accept that boys will be more rambunctious and energetic. Often
male students tend to become more easily distracted, have difficulty sitting still in their seats, more energetic, and are notably more vocal than female students. These characteristics are often discussed by educators and families and it tends to be accepted “boyish” behavior. On the other hand, females are likely expected and encouraged to behave “lady-like”. Only if considered a “tomboy” should girls be loud and rowdy. Rather, females are much more quiet and subdued than their male counterparts.
Many educators have also voiced concern regarding the distraction caused by same sex students attending classes together. Studies completed by Forgasz and Janelle (2012) in the area of mathematics found that although both male and female students attending single sex schools scored higher than those schools with both male and female students, male students obtained higher scores in comparison to female students also attending same sex schools. The same study also noted that while the difference in all scores were higher than same sex schools the majority of the schools studied were private schools in which a tuition was mandatory for attendance. Although not included in the subject of this paper considering...

Other Papers Like Gender And The Achievement Gap

Monetary Policy Essay

290 words - 2 pages The Gap Inc. In 2010 Case Summary Case Summary This case study describes the business environment of the apparel market and how Gap Inc. tried in this highly competitive market environment to manage a turnaround in the time between 2000 and 2010. The U.S. clothing store sector accounted for approximately $156 billion in the year 2009 and had slightly declined compared to 2008 due to the worldwide recession. Average before-tax profits

Gender Discrimination Essay

3353 words - 14 pages , and for this reason, women are holding themselves back (Farr, 2013). There must be a certain level of self-promotion and brag factor in the technology industry that women in Silicon Valley seem to lack. Another reason that women are behind their male counterparts may also be attributed to a lack of confidence in picking up technical skills such as programming. With the under representation of women in the technology industry, the gender gap

Conclusion Memo

349 words - 2 pages statiscal analysis to project or reflect the earnings of women and men, we found no evidence on which we could base a prediction for a closing (or widening) wage gap. In essence, the findings support for the two lines to remain parallel, although the 90% confidence intervals (the range within which we are 90% certain the actual future earnings will fall) do not overlap. Final Conclusion Businesses where they proudly announce their motto, or

Business

3080 words - 13 pages victim was ethnic Indians. Another type of discrimination that occurs in Malaysia is gender discrimination. Based on the Gender Gap Report (2006-2014), women are progressing but at a slow rate which means that the amount of women that are working whether in government or private sector was increasing but in a slow pace. This is because the men are still dominating and chauvinism are still existed. From the local statistics, in 1982, there were

Discrimination In The Workplace

1884 words - 8 pages Introduction Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and various state anti-discrimination laws prohibit discrimination in employment based on sex, race, national origin, and religion. James and Minors (1996) conclude that although most organizations believe in equal opportunity policies, they do not practice inclusion. Most of these organizations struggle with issues of gender, race, sexual orientation, and disability of their employees

Are Gap Years Helpful?

1242 words - 5 pages . “He took a semester in Nepal studying language, living in a rural village and climbing in the Himalayas.” He gained the ability to enjoy hard challenges and stated, “By the time I got back to school, I was ready to be in school.” An increasing amount of students are taking a year off after graduating high school, known as a gap year. The article, “Should Your Student Consider Taking a Gap Year Before Starting College?,” states, “A gap year

Service Marketing

1303 words - 6 pages The main achievement of Jyske Bank was their ability to improve quality service and to deliver a service matching perfectly customers’ expectations. The gap model of service quality, developed by V.A Zeithmal, A. Parasuraman and L.L Berry, in Delivering Quality Service: Balancing Customer Perceptions and Expectations, will help us to understand how Jyske Bank managed to close the gap between customers’ expectations and perceptions (the

Business

624 words - 3 pages underdeveloped economies in filing three major gaps; (1) saving-investment gap; (2) export-import gap; and (3) technological knowhow gap. At the same time huge amount of external assistance inflows may create threat for large amount of external debt burden in the long run to developing economies. The extent to which foreign aid can be a decisive factor in the economic development of developing economies remains controversial. Many countries in

Gender Schema Theory

1498 words - 6 pages Gender Schema theory – Martin and HalversonOutline (AO1) 8 marks Gender Schema theory (GST) suggests that children learn about gender appropriate behaviour before gender consistency is achieved. The theory assumes that once a child has reached the gender identity stage at the age of 2-3 years. They start to accumulate knowledge about the sexes and order this information in the gender schema. Gender schemas are organised clusters of information

The Functionalist View On The Role Of Education

1302 words - 6 pages achievement in education too. Moreover, Marxism blames all faults of the education system on capitalism. Additionally, feminists such as Heaton and Lawson argue that the 'hidden' curriculum is a major source of gender socialisation within schools. They believe that schools seemed to have text books with modern family culture and where children are taught from an early age that males are dominant within the family. Various subjects are aimed at a

Sociology A-Level

1881 words - 8 pages by class in education and social mobility * Gender and educational achievement: feminist accounts of gender-biased schooling; the concern over boys’ ‘underachievement’ and suggested reasons; subject choice; gender identities and schooling * Ethnicity and educational achievement: patterns; reasons for variations; multicultural and anti-racist education; experience of minorities in different types of schools * The relationship between

Related Essays

Explore The Idea, “Gender Equity Can Be Achieved By Being Sensitive To Problems Of Both Women And Men”

498 words - 2 pages GENDER EQUITY CAN BE ACHIEVED BY BEING SENSITIVE TOWARDS PROBLEMS OF BOTH MEN AND WOMEN Gender equality is, first and foremost, a human right. Women are entitled to live in dignity and in freedom from want and from fear. Empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development and reducing poverty.One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman. No biological, psychological or economic fate determines the figure that the human

Using Material From Item And Elsewhere, Assess The View That Gender Roles And Relationships Have Become More Equal In Modern Family Life

1199 words - 5 pages Using material from item 2B and elsewhere, assess the view that gender roles and relationships have become more equal in modern family life (24 marks) The domestic division of labour refers to the roles that men and women take in relation to housework. These roles are often referred to as conjugal roles; roles which display roles within marriage itself. Segregated conjugal roles described the situation of man and wife having separate roles

Blah Essay

1013 words - 5 pages that “Today, woman make up about half our workforce, but they still make 77 cents for every dollar a man earns…in 2014, that’s an embarrassment. It is wrong.” Although there have been evident progress, alarming issues regarding gender bias still prevail in various areas in society: (i) In the workforce; (ii) Education and career; (iii) Politics; (iv) Stereotypes at home; and (v) Violence and discrimination against women. The gender gap has been

Social Issues Essay

384 words - 2 pages community background exerts a greater influence on achievement. Refers to the use of social ideas, social definitions, beliefs, and values to support, rationalise, and justify patterns of inequality. It is clear that there are differences in educational achievement of certain social groups, such as gender, ethnicity, and social class. Some may argue that this is due to internal factors, reasons from within the education system. However