Health And Safety Management In The Workplace In Chemical Industry

4460 words - 18 pages

Curtin University of Technology

Department of Civil Engineering
Environmental Engineering Management 690

Assignment 2

Management of Health and Safety at Work in the Chemical Industry
Prepared for: Professor Geoff Taylor By: Mohammed Alshiha Student ID: 13884145 Date: Jan 1st 2010

1.0 Introduction

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Declaration

(i)

I have read and understood Curtin University’s policy on

plagiarism and I confirm that the work submitted on the 1st of January by me is my own work, and that the work of any other person contained therein is clearly acknowledged.
(ii) The work has been written since the 8th of December 2009.

(iii) The references in the work do directly relate to ...view middle of the document...

....................................................................................................... 10 3.3.1 Hazard control hierarchy ................................................................................................. 11 4.0 Safety in the Chemical workplace .............................................................................................. 13 4.1 Inherent Safety ...................................................................................................................... 13 4.2 Hazardous Materials .............................................................................................................. 15 5.0 Conclusion ................................................................................................................................. 16 References ...................................................................................................................................... 17

“A perfectly safe airliner will never leave the ground” Bahr 1997, p5.

1.0 Introduction

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1.0 Introduction
A face mask made from animal bladder was devised by a roman scholar called Pliny the Elder in the first century AD, after he perceived the health risks faced by those working with zinc and sulphur. The concept of occupational and health safety was present even before the time of Pliny. The lead toxicity in mining was noted by Hippocrates in the fourth century BC. More recently, Agricola, a German scholar wrote a book in 1556 describing diseases of miners as well as prescribing preventative measures. The idea of anticipating and

evaluating conditions in the workplace that may cause harm to workers is the underlying concept behind occupational health and safety (Brown, 2007). The use of chemicals in modern times is highly extensive. Chemical use by humans ranges from activities such as increasing agricultural productivity, prevention and control of diseases, processing of chemical products etc. It is estimated that one thousand new chemicals enter the market annually and approximately 100,000 chemicals are actively utilized globally. The extensive use of chemicals implies that there are a lot of chemical and industrial activities aimed at producing such chemicals (Cholarisk, 2009). It is to be noted here that the heterogeneous and reactivity nature of chemicals makes them hazardous to both humans and the environment. As such, production of chemicals in industries requires a comprehensive detail of safety and risk management practices. Some of the common varieties of chemicals in production include inorganic and organic chemicals, pesticides, paints, specialty chemicals, dyestuffs etc. The risks associated with chemicals may stem from their inherent nature where some are out rightly flammable, corrosive, toxic or explosive. Some other chemicals are hazardous in terms of their reactions when exposed to certain materials such as oxygen, water or other chemical elements (Cholarisk, 2009). As such,...

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