1. A. What is the role of congress in the policy making process?
Congress is the designated lawmaking body of the federal government. Policies (laws) pass through congress via a long process. A member of congress will introduce a bill which is then referred to committee(s) in the Senate and House. The committee refines, approves, and sends the bill on to the Chamber of congress where it originated. The bill could also die in committee from lack of support. The House or Senate will vote on the bill and either approves it and sends it to the other chamber or it will die. The other chamber can approve, revise, or let the bill die. If both the House and Senate move a version of a bill ...view middle of the document...
d.). If congress does not fund the program on an annual basis, then the program does not continue. The appropriations committees write bills to cover this type of spending based on the amount of funds that are available. Examples include the National Institutes of Health and NASA [ (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2007, p. 18) ].
1. C. What are the primary power/tools of the presidency?
The President has many roles and a wide range of power and tools at his disposal. The President serves as Chief Executive Officer and manages the executive branch of government. He also holds the top ranking military position in the country as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. The president has the authority to sign or veto legislation. The President can appoint some officials and recommends federal judges. As President, he can issue executive orders, which are usually, orders directing agencies on how to implement laws. The president also sets the national agenda, which is the issues that the nation as a whole should focus on, and recommends actions through the use of media, appealing directly to the public, and through congressional influence [ (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2007, pp. 20-21) ].
1. D. What are interest groups and what is their role in the policymaking process?
Interest groups are organizations that have a goal of influencing policy related to a topic or population. They do not have the power to make policy but try to sway opinion and, therefore, the votes of congressional members. Interest groups use a variety of means to sway opinion. They may go directly to members of congress, use the court system, appeal directly to consumers, or work with other interest groups who may have similar agendas. They typically represent large numbers of constituents, and their role is to learn about the issues and to reach out to politicians. Examples of these interest groups include The American Medical Association (AMA) and the American Association for Retired Persons (AARP). These interest groups use a variety of tools in achieving their influence. These include organizing a public campaign such as AARP does when it presents an opinion to its members and asks them to contact their representative with the message. Media is another tool often used [ (Teitelbaum & Wilensky, 2007, p. 28) ].
2. Please explain the concept of a “legal right”.
Legal right refers to an entitlement or permission given to an individual or group of individuals through laws. This concept also is based on the view that a person or group has this right given to them through the legislative process and that if a person’s “right” is denied that the person has recourse in the courts. Examples of legal rights include; the right to vote, right to practice religion, or freedom of speech. Certain programs can also provide legal rights. For example, the Medicare program provides the right to healthcare services to persons who meet the eligibility requirements for Medicare. So while some...