324 - Battle of Adrianople Roman Emperor Constantine I defeats Co-Emperor Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
683 - St Leo II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
987 - Hugo Capet crowned king of France
1090 - Battle at Hagenoorde: German emperor beats earl Egbert II
1187 - Crusaders enter Tiberias
1187 - Battle of Horns of Hattin; Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army.
1250 - Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself.
1428 - Treaty of Delft between Jacoba of Bavaria & Philip the Good of Burgundy
1608 - Samuel de Champlain founds city of ...view middle of the document...
1848 - Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
1849 - The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
1852 - Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California)
1861 - Colonel Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
1861 - Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from NY
1861 - Martinsburg, VA - Confederate forces pull out before US advance
1863 - Battle of Donaldsonville, LA
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg, Pa, the largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union.
1864 - Battle of Chattahoochie River, GA [until Jul 9]
1864 - Harpers Ferry, WV - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1871 - Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
1876 - Montenegro declares war on Turkey
1883 - SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
1884 - Dow Jones published it's 1st stock avg
1886 - 1st NY Tribune printing using 1st commercial linotype machine
1886 - In Germany, Karl Benz drives 1st automobile
1890 - Idaho admitted as 43rd US state
1890 - King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium
1895 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter" (BG)
1898 - American troops captured deserted Wake Island
1898 - Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
1898 - Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe
1898 - US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
1900 - Trying in stem the growing popular resentment, Czar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
1901 - 18th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Sterry beats B Hillyard (6-2 6-2)
1901 - 25th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Arthur Gore beats R Doherty (4-6 7-5 6-4 6-4)
1902 - Excelsior soccer team forms in Rotterdam
1905 - Kuyper government forms in Holland
1905 - Marvin Hart KOs Jack Hart in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1907 - Pope decree forbids modernization of theology
1908 - 25th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Sterry beats A Morton (6-4 6-4)
1908 - 32nd Wimbledon Mens' Tennis: Arthur Gore beats H Roper-Barrett (6-3 6-2 4-6 3-6 6-4)
1909 - 26th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dora Boothby beats A Morton (6-4 4-6 8-6)
1909 - 33rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Arthur Gore beats J Ritchie (6-8 1-6 6-2 6-2 6-2)
1911 - Ty Cobb hits in his 40th straight game. Does not get a hit next day
1912 - NY Giant pitcher Rube Marquard ties record of 19 game win-streak
1913 - Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
1913 - Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
1915 - US military forces occupy Haiti, remain until 1934
1916 - 1st of 3 fatal...