Hiv Epidemiology Paper

1453 words - 6 pages

Epidemiology Paper: HIV
Grand Canyon University: NRS-427V
08/09/2015

Human immunodeficiency virus, otherwise known as HIV, is a serious disease that affects the bodies’ immune system. HIV affects the immune cells, specifically called the CD4 cells or T cells. As time passes, these cells are destroyed and soon the body begins to lose its ability to fight off infections and disease. HIV is the virus that could lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Unfortunately, there is no cure for HIV, meaning once infected, you will remain infected for the rest of your life.

The earliest HIV case was known to be in 1959. While it is unknown when exactly it came about, or from where, ...view middle of the document...

However, those who report symptoms state if feels like “the worst flu ever” (CDC, 2015). Those who have symptoms may report fever, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, and/or rash. Most symptoms are displayed 2-4 weeks after the initial exposure to HIV and could last anywhere from a few days to several weeks (CDC, 2015). It is important not to assume HIV if these symptoms appear, or to disregard HIV if no symptoms are present. The only way to determine if you’re infected or not is to get tested.

As of today, there is no cure to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. However, there are medications that could be taken that could dramatically prolong the lives of those who live with HIV. Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of the HIV disease (WHO, 2015). It is very important for those who are maintaining their HIV through ART drugs to take these medications as directed. If medications are not taken correctly it may lower the immune system and cause the level of the virus, also known as the viral load, to go up.

As mentioned above, the AIDS epidemic was first reported in 1981, and 30 years later, in 2011, there are more than 33 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, with at least 2 million of them being children under 15 years of age. In 2009, cases of new infection were estimated to be 2.6 million, and deaths were recorded at 1.8 million (Maurer 120). HIV is a worldwide issue and needs to be controlled. In America there are currently 1.2 million people living with the disease. The CDC estimates one in five of these (21%) is unaware of his or her status. (Maurer 176) HIV is a deadly disease, and if an individual with HIV fails to follow up for medical treatment, their body will soon stop fighting any illnesses’ and cause death. According to the CDC, in the United States over 14,000 people will lose their lives to the HIV/AIDS virus each year (CDC, 2015). Since the beginning of the epidemic, nearly 30 million people have died from AIDS-related causes. (AVERT, 2012)
HIV infects people worldwide without regard for age, race, gender, or social class. However, HIV infection is increasingly becoming a disease of poor, uneducated, or undereducated people of color. (Copstead-Kirkhorn 264) Certain people who are most often seen with this disease are those who inject drugs, sex workers, and men who have sex with men. It is seen often in the younger crowd, from adolescent to young adult. These young adults account for 39% of all newly infected patients. (AVERT, 2012)

The epidemiological triangle is a model that scientist have developed to assist in studying health problems. This triangle is used to help understand the disease and how they spread. When the epidemiological triangle is used, it describes the host of the disease, the agent, and the environment that cause or allow the disease transmission. The agent is...

Other Papers Like Hiv Epidemiology Paper

Jail Responsibilities Essay

589 words - 3 pages Jail Responsibilities Monique Priorello September 23, 2012 One of the main responsibilities of a jail is to give the officers the correct “Police Correspondence” courses. This is because these courses give the officers the effective basic training that they need to do things such as; Writing of Memoranda, Police Reports, and Civilian Letters. What needs to be done first is make sure that there are NO errors. This means in

Mgt330 Essay

638 words - 3 pages experience for the people who visit the stores and make perfect beverages. Within this paper I will - 2 - [no notes on this page]discuss and answer the four questions asked from the case student in Chapter three about Starbuck’s structure. The job description that I choose to explain is that of a Baristas. As a Baristas, a person will be the face of the company being that they are the first person seen when customers walk in. Delivering great

Fight Club

917 words - 4 pages Fight Club is a story of the narrator’s struggle to gain control over his life. He is in search for an identity in the form of manhood. His masculinity is so repressed because of the absence of a father figure in his life. Because of this he creates Tyler, his alternate personality. Tyler is nothing like anyone the narrator has met, he is self assured and completely free. The narrators alternate personality Tyler Durden is the ultimate alpha-male

The Powers Of The Health And Safety Representative

254 words - 2 pages The Powers of the Health and Safety Representative A health and safety representative has the power to: Identify Workplace Hazards The health and safety representative has the power to identify workplace hazards. This power is usually exercised by conducting workplace inspections. Obtain Information from the Employer The health and safety representative is entitled to the same information available to a joint committee member. Under the Act

Lesson Plan

6476 words - 26 pages the paper given using the newspaper or draw | | |them

Management

1227 words - 5 pages Coca-Cola Global Business and Marketing Strategy Introduction As domestic markets mature, it is becoming more and more fashionable for organisations to seek growth through opportunities in foreign countries. Faster communication, new technologies and improved transport links are making international markets more accessible and businesses pursuing a global position can experience an upsurge in brand awareness and cost effectiveness. Global

Facing Poverty With A Rich Girl's Habit

783 words - 4 pages Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit Adele Strader Professor Chryst English Composition October 22, 2012 Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit was written by Suki Kim and published in the New York Times on November 21, 2004. The most important point that Suki want to make was that (1) what we have in life can be taken away in an instant (2) do not go bankrupt in South Korea (3) that a person must adapt and endure

3-4-50 Paper

572 words - 3 pages -4-50 paperLack of exercise is a key contributor to disease and death among many people in the United States, regardless of age. It is a well-known fact that exercise results in a healthier lifestyle. Along with tobacco use and poor nutrition, lack of exercise is one of the main issues that people have which leads to high blood pressure, obesity, and other serious health problems. According to a study by UCSD School of Medicine and SDSU

Capitalism

836 words - 4 pages Miguel Beatrice Capitalism is an economic system in which private individuals and business firms carry out production and exchange of goods and services through complex transactions involved in prices and markets. By extension called capitalist higher social class of this economic system ("bourgeoisie"), or to the common form would the individual interests of capital owners in both companies, shareholders and patterns, also called capitalism

Sociology

1177 words - 5 pages abusers; 3) Homeless people brought it on themselves. This research is to add nuance to our understanding about the social problem stated. Homelessness qualifies as a “social problem” because it doesn’t just affect the homeless but the nation as well. This paper will hopefully contribute more knowledge and understanding about the effects of homelessness in America. There has been a plethora of research done on homelessness in America since the

Mental Health Community Service Essay

509 words - 3 pages Ladesca Smith Nursing 162 Community Volunteer Service Assignment Why you chose this agency? I chose this Sharing God’s Love, because I was interested in what kind of services they provide. I also wanted to know if there was any help out there for the people in need with mental illnesses. I also had lots of my kid’s old clothing that I needed to get rid of, so I donated it to them. Describe the population the agency serves. The

Related Essays

Lafarge S.A Essay

2924 words - 12 pages an instrumental value that explains the tendency to provide for the needs of others. Welfare is also somewhat linked to family security too. Helpful as a value also manifests in corporate social responsibility. In support of these values, Laszlo & Myers(2006) in reference to Lafarge stated in their article as thus “ it approved an HIV/AIDS policy with the help of ZHABS, the comments of employees and partner organizations and Integrated

Finance Essay

665 words - 3 pages Financial statements are the most common tool used for making business decisions. They consist of the balance sheet, income statement and statement of cash flows. The analysis tools used affect all aspects of a company not just a few. A systematic review of the resources a company used to achieve its mission is cost control. Cash flow should be kept at necessary levels for operations is one of the major benefits of cost control. It is a very

Analysis Of Operation Blue Star And Its Effects On The Gandhi Dynasty

934 words - 4 pages The period of time including and following Operation Blue star is considered a dark time in India and black spot in Indian history. It is a time Indian would rather forget, yet still to this day debate about. Was Indihar Gandhi correct in instating operation Blue Star, inflicting damage to the Golden temple, and being responsible for the killing of anywhere from 492 (official reports) to 1500 (estimates run as high as) civilians, which lead to an

Regretful Decisions Essay

930 words - 4 pages Regretful Decisions There are many individuals in a child’s life that helps mold them into a well-rounded adult. In most cases, this guidance comes from the child’s parents or other older, but in Sonny’s case, this guidance was expected from his older brother. In the short narrative, Sonny’s Blues, Sonny’s life was adversely affected by the decisions that his older brother made. The decisions that his brother made include leaving Sonny to stay