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Holocaust Essay

915 words - 4 pages

The Holocaust is a great tragedy that happened during World War II. One of the main concentration camps was Auschwitz this is the largest of the Nazi death camps, the camps address is Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, 32-603 Gmina Oświęcim, Poland. Auschwitz was located approximately 37 miles west of Krakow, near the prewar German-Polish border in Upper Silesia, it’s an area that Nazi Germany took control of, in 1939 after invading and conquering Poland. Of the camps of Auschwitz there were three camps. The first was just the main Auschwitz, the second was Auschwitz-Birkenau and the third was Auschwitz-Monowitz .In these camps they killed 1.1 million people and most of them were Jews. These camps ...view middle of the document...

The success of these experiments of mass murder with the gas led to the consumption of Zyklon B for all the gas chambers of the three Auschwitz camps. The SS found these facilities to be inadequate for the amount of gassing they planned at Auschwitz-Birkenau. So four large cremation buildings were constructed between March and June 1943 and each had three areas to them: a disrobing area, a large gas chamber, and crematorium ovens. They continued gassing operations at Auschwitz-Birkenau until late 1944.

Auschwitz-Monowitz was built to house prisoners assigned to work at the Buna synthetic rubber works. Executives wanted to use the concentration camp labor for their plans to manufacture synthetic rubber and fuels. It was initially established as a subcamp of the Auschwitz concentration camps, Monowitz became one of the three main camps in the camp system with an additional 45 subcamps in the surrounding area. Later they built barracks and created their own prison. People who worked there were treated terribly. IG Farben management employed guards and used the help of the SS who made prisoners to work. Within a couple of years of the operation, management was still complaining about bad performance of the workers. Beating and other punishments weren’t able to make them work harder. They tried introducing rewards, but that didn’t make them work any harder. As a reward Germans gave them permission to wear watches, have long hair, gave them money for cigarettes and other things. They didn’t come to realize that the main reason of poor performance was malnutrition. Due to the forced labor in Auschwitz III Monowitz about 10 thousand...

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