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Holocaust Essay

2103 words - 9 pages

Holocaust Midterm
Dana Bob
Mercy College

1. Explain the origins and development of modern anti-Semitism
Throughout history the Jewish community has been subject to a violent history which can be traced as far back as their expulsion from Carthage in 250 C.E. For centuries, Jews have endured slavery, land confiscations, massacres, pogroms, blood baths, mass arrests, public torture, banishments, inquisition, slaughter, mass murders and finally, the Holocaust in the 20th century (Grossman, 2014). The Holocaust by far has been the most odious experience that the Jewish community has endured and yet there are many who deny it even took place.
The rise of anti-Semitism in early 20th ...view middle of the document...

Hitler continued to exploit economic and political struggles by voicing vile anti-Semitic rhetoric until he and the Nazi party rose to power in 1933.

2. Explain the developments of the Nuremberg Laws and German anti-Jewish policies from 1933-39
The beginnings of the Nuremberg Laws and German anti-Jewish policies can be attributed to the creation of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (known in Germany as Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated as NSDAP, also known as the “Nazi” party), which was founded by Adolf Hitler. In 1933, Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany after divisions between the socialist and communist parties made the Nazi party the single largest party (Jones, 2011). Within months after Hitler becoming chancellor, the political parties and trade unions were deemed illegal and the steep demise of democracy began. Shortly thereafter, the Nazi party effectively neutralized the any political opposition and began to rapidly increase the persecution of the Jews as well as many other minorities seen as second class citizen, however, the Jews were seen as most inferior of any of the races. The Jews began so see their businesses actively boycotted, and expulsion of Jewish doctors, lawyers, and teachers from being able to practice or work. The Nuremburg Laws of 1935 established two main objectives of the Nazi party. First, it stripped Jews of their citizenship and the ability to hold political office. Second, it made it illegal to Jews and Germans to marry, and even to have sexual relations. Additional persecution included the mandating of wearing the Star of David by Jews, and segregation on busses, trains, and in restaurants. Anti-Semitic propaganda, ridicule, and discrimination were commonplace for Jews during this period including the direct derision of young Jewish students in school. In November of 1938, an event called Kristallnacht occurred after a German diplomat was killed by a Polish Jew in Paris. The Nazi party orchestrated violent attacks on Jewish synagogues, business, homes, and individuals. Thousands windows were broken, buildings burned and vandalized, and over 20,000 Jews were sent to concentration camps during this incident. In 1939, all Jews were forced to move into ghettos and live in deplorable conditions.
During the 1930 nearly half of Jews emigrated out of Germany. In fact, the Nazi government actually encouraged and in many cased forced the emigration of Jews out of Germany. The anti-Semitic views of the Reich were so strong that they wanted to eliminate all Jews from Germany entirely.

3. What happened to the Armenians? Compare and contrast the fate of the Armenians with the genocide in either Southwest Africa or the Ukraine.
The Armenian Genocide began in in 1913 when three young Turks took control of the Ottoman Empire and became dictators determined to create a new Turkish empire which would expand the borders and create a nation with...

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