How Child Abuse Effects a Student’s Education
To look into the eyes of a child and witness a fearful and emotionless gaze due to child abuse is devastating. All children deserve their innocence yet there are many who have it ripped from them. Many would agree that a child’s education is something of value and that someday they will be controlling and determining our future. However, there are several who beg to differ and decide to detrimentally effect a child’s education. Child abuse is the physical, emotional, or sexual mistreatment of a child and is a leading case in the United States. A child is physically, psychologically, emotionally, behaviorally and cognitively effected due to ...view middle of the document...
Most children are able to express certain emotions, such as anger, fear, or sadness. According to Dombrowski, Ahia, and McQuillan (2003), abused children display less empathy and have a high degree of internalizing problems. Lawson (2009) stated that abused children show resilience to positive self-concept. This shows that when a child is negatively effected, by either abuse or neglect, their wellness is also altered. Severe indications of incompetence in any area of the wellness dimensions may signal neglect or abuse.
Studies show that abused children enter school with a significant cognitive, social, and emotional shortfall when compared to non-abused and non-neglected students. From infancy to early childhood the effects of sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect and mixed maltreatment play a major role in physical and motor skills, social and emotional development, and cognitive and academic proficiency. Trocm & Caunce (1995) stated “these children show significant delays in the areas of language development, intellectual development, attention and readiness to learn, and socio-emotional deficits.”
Sexual abuse is defined as “the infliction of sexual contact upon a person by forcible compulsion” (Dictionary.com). It is unfortunate that statistics show that 20% of child sexual abuse victims are under the age of eight years old, which lets educators know that someone in their second grade class or lower may be a victim of child sexual abuse. Research indicates that when compared to children with non-violent lifestyles, sexually abused girls and boys have more physical complaints during toddlerhood and early childhood. Internalized problems, such as anxiety and social withdrawal are also evident with sexually abused boys and girls. “Statistics have also shown a developmental delay in sexually abused girls” (USDHHS, 2007).
Dictionary.com defines physical abuse as “abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidations, pain, injury, or other physical suffering or harm”. Physical abuse makes up for 11% of child abuse statistics. Children who have been physically abused internalize their problems and are more like to suffer from anxiety and social withdrawal, especially throughout early childhood. Physically abused boys are more aggressive and noncompliant, where as girls are withdrawn and wary. According to Trocm & Caunce, physically abused children display less social engagement with their peers and have are at lower levels of cognitive maturity. Although displaying these attributes may not be an effect of child abuse, it is important to be aware of student who show these characteristics.
Neglect makes up for 59% of child abuse statistics and is defined as “failure of caretakers to provide adequate emotional and physical care for a child” (Dictionary.com). Neglect is broken down into four categories: physical, educational, emotional and psychological, and medical. “A physically neglected child may not be...