How Far Had Northumberland Established A Protestant Church In England By 1553?

385 words - 2 pages

How Far had Northumberland established a Protestant church in England by 1553?
After the downfall of Somerset in 1549 John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, assumed the role of protector. By this point however the Church in England was already experiencing a state of unofficial Protestantism where there was no official church doctrine, freedom of religious speech, the removal of church images was in place and the First Prayer Book was introduced in 1548.
In the first years of Northumberland's control he shaped Protestantism further in terms of ceremonial change. Up to 1552 parliament removed laws against ...view middle of the document...

The 42 Articles and the fabrication of a short catechism followed in line with realigning the church with the articles being based on the Protestant justification of salvation through faith alone and the catechism enforcing the work of Protestant Pastor John Calvin.
Despite all this change there was still opposition from some reformers showing a complete Protestant church had not been achieved by 1553. The New reformed Ordinal and the subsequent swearing of an oath to saints enraged the radical Protestant Hooper as Protestant beliefs say that anyone who believes in Jesus is a Saint therefore the oath is false to their beliefs. Opposition continued at the introduction of the Second Book of Common Prayer against the expectation of kneeling at communion. As well the 42 Articles never became Parliamentary law.
Overall however by 1553 to a large extent Northumberland had established a Protestant church with very little opposition from 1549 onwards. The 'Black Rubric' Proclamation counteracted the opposition to the Second Book of Commons by stating kneeling was out of 'good order' rather than idolatry leaving the question of the complete establishment of a Protestant church only on the lack of enforcement of the 42 Articles.

Other Papers Like How Far Had Northumberland Established A Protestant Church In England By 1553?

How Far Was The Labour Party Election Victory In 1945 Due To The Changes In Social Attitudes During The Second World War?

969 words - 4 pages leaders in the forefront of voters’ minds throughout the war. They had all gained experience in government and a reputation for efficiency. The Labour party portrayed itself as being the progressive party. It appealed to all classes because of the beneficial ideas that it had for England. It made promises to construct a post-war Britain based on the principles of fairness and greater equality in the economy and welfare. Labour wished to see

Churchill Was Wrong And Misguided To Support Edward Viii In The Way That He Did. How Far Do These Sources Support This Interpretation?

607 words - 3 pages Churchill was wrong and misguided to support Edward VIII in the way that he did. How far do these sources support this interpretation? All three of these sources present a different image about Churchill’s approach Edwards’s situation. Overall Churchill’s view on the situation was the majority and most people were very angry with the King for trying to marry a divorcee. Sources B and C support the view that Church was misguided by telling us

How Does Knowledge Of The Foundations And History Of Nursing Provide A Context In Which To Understand Current Practice? Identify At Least Three Trends In Nursing Practice Demonstrated By The...

323 words - 2 pages How does knowledge of the foundations and history of nursing provide a context in which to understand current practice? Identify at least three trends in nursing practice demonstrated by the interactive timeline. How have these trends influenced your perspective of nursing practice? To understand the current practice of nursing, one must understand its history. Nursing is an art. One must have a passion for it. To be a nurse, one has to

How Do Variations In An Area’S Income Level Affect The Social, Economic And Environmental Impact Of A Cyclone?

1721 words - 7 pages caused great damage socially, economically and environmentally, as outlined in this essay. However, it is important to take into account how each area’s income affected how seriously each category was affected. New Orleans had more to lose economically than Burma, with loss in taxes, ontop of higher damage costs and insurance costs to recuperate. In contrast to this, Burma lost more socially than New Orleans, with a higher death toll and more houses destroyed due to lack of preparation and planning by the corrupted military junta of the country.

How Did The Reforms Of The Last Decade Impact The Unemployment Rate In Germany? – A Strong Flexible Labor Market

1557 words - 7 pages A strong flexible labor market How did the reforms of the last decade impact the unemployment rate in Germany? – A strong flexible labor market When Gerhard Schröder took to the podium in the Bundestag on March 14th, 2003, Germany was called the “sick man of Europe”. A widespread assumption was that unemployment could never be defeated, The Economist Introduction: The German labor market experienced remarkable transitions during the past

What Are Some Ethical Or Legal Issues Faced By Quality Managers In Your Organization Or In An Organization With Which You Are Familiar Or In General? How Are These Issues Best Addressed?

483 words - 2 pages example, hospitals. The combination of ethical and legal issues can best be sought after a specific improvement in quality management has been achieved. Particularly, issues in the field of trustworthiness and business related productivity appear to be fitting for reconciliation. A blend of a regulating and bottom up quality methodology is by all accounts the best approach. The government could invigorate the acknowledgment of combination of

Make A Rough Diagram Of Your Office At Your Place Of Work. Label Items In Your Office And Show How They Are Positioned. How Versatile Is Your Office For Handling Every Day Negotiations With...

2766 words - 12 pages space and territory. Hall (1997) postulates that proxemics is 'the study of how man uses space - the space that he maintains between himself and his fellows and which he builds around him in his home and office". Everyone is surrounded by an invisible zone of psychological comfort that follows us everywhere we travel. This protective bubble acts as a buffer zone against unwanted touching and attacks. Our comfort zone varies depending on who we are

Look At Items A To C. How Are Social Control And Social Order Maintained In The Face Of Social Inequality From And Conflict And Consensus Perspective

538 words - 3 pages situation that they are in because they do not believe that they can ‘fight the system’ on how it is run. The bourgeoisie in Item B is seen to run by authority and dominance which can also be seen in !tem A with the image that is presented as the proletariat holding up every other social class that they can, but still get ‘back benched’ wages on what they earn over a lifetime in comparison. This perspective is derived from Karl Marx who believes

21. Describe How Or Why Integer Programming Or Goal Programming Or Nonlinear Programming (Choose One) Might Be Used In A Real-World Business Situation. Be As Specific As You Can And Use Examples As...

1137 words - 5 pages 21. Describe how or why integer programming OR goal programming OR nonlinear programming (choose ONE) might be used in a real-world business situation. Be as specific as you can and use examples as appropriate. Goal programming is an aid for decision-making problems with multiple, possibly conflicting goals. Typically, linear goal programming attempts to minimize a weighted sum of deviations from goals. This program is used in real-world

You Are The Cfo Of A U.S. Firm Whose Wholly Owned Subsidiary In Mexico Manufactures Component Parts For Your U.S. Assembly Operations. The Subsidiary Has Been Financed By Bank Borrowings In The United...

296 words - 2 pages You are the CFO of a U.S. firm whose wholly owned subsidiary in Mexico manufactures component parts for your U.S. assembly operations. The subsidiary has been financed by bank borrowings in the United States. One of your analysts told you that the Mexican peso is expected to depreciate by 30 percent against the dollar on the foreign exchange markets over the next year. What actions, if any, should you take? Depreciation is a reduction in the

Tudors

4415 words - 18 pages religious settlement The diocese • 27 in England and Wales • Bishop in charge of each one appointed by Queen • Had Dean to help who was also appointed by Queen The parish • Smallest unit of Church organisation • 10,000 parishes in England • Parson received an income partly from tithes and partly from renting out land owned by the parish o Two church wardens helped for a term of a year → repair

Related Essays

How Far Were The Policies Pursued By Philip Ii Responsible For The Revolts Against His Rule In The Netherlands

1266 words - 6 pages How far were the policies pursued by Philip II responsible for the Revolts against his rule in the Netherlands (30 marks) The way that Philip treated the Netherlands through his policies to a large extent cause widespread revolts throughout the Netherlands, especially in the revolt of 1572 where two provinces were held successfully. Policies such as increased taxation and refusal to lessen punishments caused the revolts against his rule in the

Paradoxically, Although Modernity Appeared To Be A Threat To Christianity, It Had Been Nurtured, In Significant Part, By Christianity Itself.” Discuss

2311 words - 10 pages Christianity has been in place for a longer period than modernity, then it can be argued that modernity picked its traits from Christian ways of life. Modernity tries to ape what was original and thus, the human beings themselves shape it. The fuelling of modernity by Christianity can be clearly observed from the politics practiced in the world today (Berglund, Bruce & Brian, 2010, 11). For a number of years, Christianity had no part to play in

How Far Do You Agree With The View That Stalin’s Foreign Policy Was A Major Contributing Factor To The Emergence Of The Cold War In The Period 1945 50?

852 words - 4 pages How far do you agree with the view that Stalin’s foreign policy was a major contributing factor to the emergence of the Cold War in the period 1945-50? Throughout the period 1945-50 there were a number of factors that caused the emergence of the cold war. One of these was Stalin and his aggressive foreign policy; another key factor to be considered is the American paranoia and resultant aggression at the time. Which of these factors was more

How Far Did Peaceful Coexistence Ease Cold War Tensions Between The Soviet Union And The Usa In The Years 1953

1015 words - 5 pages How far did peaceful coexistence ease cold war tensions between the Soviet Union and the USA in the years 1953-61? In the years 1953-61 some might say that the cold war tensions were eased by peaceful coexistence, with super power negotiations and key agreements paving the way for better relations. Despite this, the stronger argument suggests that ultimately, cold war tensions were not eased, the cold war continued for another 30 years. This