University of Phoenix
February 6th , 2011
Organizational psychology is a science, however, it is concern with the
application of scientific knowledge to enhance the effectiveness of organization.
Researches expend psychology to experiment the science of behavior and how it
can be applied within an organization. Psychology can help the organization to
preform effectively, if the employee is happy at work, then the ...view middle of the document...
One of the most important jobs of an I/O psychologist is to help a business
or organization select the most qualified/well-suited people for the various
positions that are offered by the company. This process takes time and requires
that the psychologist predict the future needs of the organization, establish
objectives, and implement programs that ensure that the best people possible
will be available when needed to find people who will enjoy their job, match well
with the company, and be productive, I/O psychologists use learning and
motivational theories to test or analyze a person's personality and knowledge.
Standardized cognitive tests and other psychological tests are administered to
the prospective employee. By using these systems, or selection procedures,
psychologists help companies choose employees that will preform well.
I/O psychologists focused in selection and placement will also help decide
where an employee should be placed within a company based on their
personality or knowledge. They can also play a part in whether or not employees
Training and Development
For an employee to be successful and a valuable asset to the company, they
need to know what they are doing. I/O psychologists in this field focus on
identifying weaknesses in employees and seeing that those employees gain the
skills they need to improve job performance. also their responsibility to decide
which training and development programs work best.
I/O psychologists in this field develop criteria and standards for judging
employee's job performance. They decide whether or not the job performance of
an employee is contributing to the organization, and by how much.
These psychologists analyze organization structure to determine the
productivity and happiness of its employees and customers. They determine how
the organization could change or grow in order to thrive, and then help to make
those changes happen.
Quality of Worklife
This field involves figuring out the factors that help contribute to a productive
organization. This can involve changing aspects of the physical work
environment or changing the requirements of a job so that employees are
happier. If employees are happier...