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Improving Organizational Performance Essay

917 words - 4 pages

Organizational Psychology

Karima Abida

University of Phoenix

PSY/428

February 6th , 2011

Organizational Psychology

Organizational psychology is a science, however, it is concern with the

application of scientific knowledge to enhance the effectiveness of organization.

Researches expend psychology to experiment the science of behavior and how it

can be applied within an organization. Psychology can help the organization to

preform effectively, if the employee is happy at work, then the ...view middle of the document...

  One of the most important jobs of an I/O psychologist is to help a business

or organization select the most qualified/well-suited people for the various

positions that are offered by the company. This process takes time and requires

that the psychologist predict the future needs of the organization, establish

objectives, and implement programs that ensure that the best people possible

will be available when needed to find people who will enjoy their job, match well

with the company, and be productive, I/O psychologists use learning and

motivational theories to test or analyze a person's personality and knowledge.

Standardized cognitive tests and other psychological tests are administered to

the prospective employee. By using these systems, or selection procedures,

psychologists help companies choose employees that will preform well.

    I/O psychologists focused in selection and placement will also help decide

where an employee should be placed within a company based on their

personality or knowledge. They can also play a part in whether or not employees

are promoted.

Training and Development

    For an employee to be successful and a valuable asset to the company, they

need to know what they are doing. I/O psychologists in this field focus on

identifying weaknesses in employees and seeing that those employees gain the

skills they need to improve job performance. also their responsibility to decide

which training and development programs work best.

Performance Appraisal

    I/O psychologists in this field develop criteria and standards for judging

employee's job performance. They decide whether or not the job performance of

an employee is contributing to the organization, and by how much.

Organization Development

    These psychologists analyze organization structure to determine the

productivity and happiness of its employees and customers. They determine how

the organization could change or grow in order to thrive, and then help to make

those changes happen.

Quality of Worklife

    This field involves figuring out the factors that help contribute to a productive

organization. This can involve changing aspects of the physical work

environment or changing the requirements of a job so that employees are

happier. If employees are happier...

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