Psychology Individual Project
Our memory capability is basically divided into three major parts according to a model that was developed in 1968 by Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin. The three main parts of our memory is sensory, short-term, and long-term memory.
Sensory memory is the main storage area for our memory bank. It is the brief processing center that gets all the reading from our five senses. Each sense makes its own sensory memory. Some of the sensory memories will go to the short-term file and what does not go there will be lost in a matter of a second or two. One example of sensory memory is lighting followed by a loud clap of ...view middle of the document...
An example of this is trying to learn a friend’s new phone number once you have learned the number then you can add the name to it when that is all done the name and number will move to the long-term box.
Within our long-term memory is two different types of memory; Episodic which is a memory you have of a birthday party where you had a lot of fun, you will remember who was there, what presents you got, how old you were, and where the party was helt at. You may not recall every detail but as you continue to try to remember they will slowly return. They are based on personal experiences that we have had.
Semantic memory is information that we have learned but we was not there in person. These memories are less likely to be forgotten because we use this information to pass test in school or to perform our daily life tasks. You have to repeat and use material often in order for it to stay stored in the long-term memory bank. An example of this is the fact that Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492-we was not there but we have been taught the event.
Retroactive interference is when you are trying to remember something and it kicks out what you already have stored up. An example of this is repeating your friends new phone number and someone interrupts you then when you go back to repeating it and...