Juvenile Re Entry Essay

4250 words - 17 pages

Running head: Juvenile Reentry
 
 
 
 
 
 
Juvenile Reentry
Making an Effective Transition
Jodi Calvert
Capella University
PSF 5372 – History of the Juvenile Criminal Justice System

Abstract
This paper explores the transformation of the Juvenile Justice System over the past century and how it impacts today’s youth. Juvenile delinquency has become a well-known phenomenon as youth have taken experimentation and violence to a new level. More adolescents are being diagnosed with medical disorders while many find themselves not having the means to access the proper treatment. Family and moral standards are not as they were a century ago and the economic strain of today can ...view middle of the document...

Instead of focusing on punishments for their offenses, the juvenile courts would attempt to turn young delinquents into productive adults by focusing on rehabilitation of the offenders.
The Commonwealth v. Fisher (1905) case during the Progressive Era delivers the state’s position to look after the well-being of children with, “the belief that juvenile offenders should be protected and re-educated” (Beijerse and van Swaaningen, 2006). Today adolescents spend their time in juvenile justice detention facilities before returning back to the community, just as the delinquents were held in places as “The Refuge House” until they turn of legal age. Upon turning of age, many juveniles are released back to their community so they can be productive citizens, but many may not have the life skills needed to succeed.
Upon leaving the juvenile justice system, many juveniles are faced with the same problems they encountered before they entered the system such as substance abuse, violence, peer pressure, family issues, etc. This can be a very stressful time, especially since many juveniles come from poverty stricken environments. Poverty is more than just lack of money, work, or motivation; it is filled with struggle against harsh conditions, structural impediments, and limited opportunities as well as the continuation and evolution of cultural traditions. In the face of these conditions the emergence of new sub-cultural norms from trans-generational social history. (Dunlap, Golub, Johnson, 2006). It has also been associated with “overcrowded housing, poor physical and mental health, despair, post-traumatic stress disorder, family dissolution, teen pregnancy, school dropout, interpersonal violence, crime, and drug and alcohol abuse,” (Dunlap, et al., 2006).
Returning back to this type of environment could prove to be unhealthy for them as these juveniles may not have the necessary cognitive, social, and emotional skills to resist the temptations of negative influences. “Many incarcerated juveniles return to their communities with serious risk and need areas unaddressed, complicating their chances for successful reentry” (Bouffard & Bergseth, 2008). “Aftercare service for juveniles first appeared in the United States in the early nineteenth century, but it has become an integral part of correctional rehabilitation for the young offender,” (Juvenile Aftercare, 1967).
Juvenile’s aftercare services are critical, especially when physical and mental issues are present. According to Barr (2003), the Brad H. v. City of New York (1999), compliant described a system in which at least 25,000 jail inmates per year received psychiatric care in jail, yet virtually none received discharge planning on release. Many released inmates do not have the proper discharging plan to return back to the community, such as medications and the necessary resources to get this medicine once released. This may result to relapse, acting in a bizarre manner, auditory and visual...

Other Papers Like Juvenile Re-Entry

Jail Responsibilities Essay

589 words - 3 pages Jail Responsibilities Monique Priorello September 23, 2012 One of the main responsibilities of a jail is to give the officers the correct “Police Correspondence” courses. This is because these courses give the officers the effective basic training that they need to do things such as; Writing of Memoranda, Police Reports, and Civilian Letters. What needs to be done first is make sure that there are NO errors. This means in

Mgt330 Essay

638 words - 3 pages Starbucks Nefertiti Wright Sangita Patel October 15, 2012 STARBUCKS 2 STARBUCKS - 1 - [no notes on this page]I. Job description a. Baristas II. Job specifications a. Duties III. Form of departmentalization STARBUCKS 3 Starbucks Starbucks have been named in the 100 best companies to work for. Starbucks has many job opportunities for people, which require the right job specifications. The employees create uplifting experience

Fight Club

917 words - 4 pages Fight Club is a story of the narrator’s struggle to gain control over his life. He is in search for an identity in the form of manhood. His masculinity is so repressed because of the absence of a father figure in his life. Because of this he creates Tyler, his alternate personality. Tyler is nothing like anyone the narrator has met, he is self assured and completely free. The narrators alternate personality Tyler Durden is the ultimate alpha-male

The Powers Of The Health And Safety Representative

254 words - 2 pages The Powers of the Health and Safety Representative A health and safety representative has the power to: Identify Workplace Hazards The health and safety representative has the power to identify workplace hazards. This power is usually exercised by conducting workplace inspections. Obtain Information from the Employer The health and safety representative is entitled to the same information available to a joint committee member. Under the Act

Lesson Plan

6476 words - 26 pages ASSESSMENT SS1 RE-ARRANGE THE SENTENCES BELOW ACCORDING TO THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS IN THE STORY. a. Lucy finds out from Harry Darke who Miss Broome is. b. She makes Miss Broome’s spirit understand why she should not remain in the office any longer. c. She continues to type and correct the letter but is constantly challenged by the typewriter. d. Harry Darke shows her the table and typewriter that

Management

1227 words - 5 pages Coca-Cola Global Business and Marketing Strategy Introduction As domestic markets mature, it is becoming more and more fashionable for organisations to seek growth through opportunities in foreign countries. Faster communication, new technologies and improved transport links are making international markets more accessible and businesses pursuing a global position can experience an upsurge in brand awareness and cost effectiveness. Global

Facing Poverty With A Rich Girl's Habit

783 words - 4 pages Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit Adele Strader Professor Chryst English Composition October 22, 2012 Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit was written by Suki Kim and published in the New York Times on November 21, 2004. The most important point that Suki want to make was that (1) what we have in life can be taken away in an instant (2) do not go bankrupt in South Korea (3) that a person must adapt and endure

3-4-50 Paper

572 words - 3 pages -4-50 paperLack of exercise is a key contributor to disease and death among many people in the United States, regardless of age. It is a well-known fact that exercise results in a healthier lifestyle. Along with tobacco use and poor nutrition, lack of exercise is one of the main issues that people have which leads to high blood pressure, obesity, and other serious health problems. According to a study by UCSD School of Medicine and SDSU

Capitalism

836 words - 4 pages Miguel Beatrice Capitalism is an economic system in which private individuals and business firms carry out production and exchange of goods and services through complex transactions involved in prices and markets. By extension called capitalist higher social class of this economic system ("bourgeoisie"), or to the common form would the individual interests of capital owners in both companies, shareholders and patterns, also called capitalism

Sociology

1177 words - 5 pages Homelessness in America Homelessness in America is a social problem that we are faced with on a daily basis. Despite the vast number of research done by Americans on homelessness, little is still known about the effect that it has on our society. The overall image that emerges from the effects of homeless people

Mental Health Community Service Essay

509 words - 3 pages Ladesca Smith Nursing 162 Community Volunteer Service Assignment Why you chose this agency? I chose this Sharing God’s Love, because I was interested in what kind of services they provide. I also wanted to know if there was any help out there for the people in need with mental illnesses. I also had lots of my kid’s old clothing that I needed to get rid of, so I donated it to them. Describe the population the agency serves. The

Related Essays

Lafarge S.A Essay

2924 words - 12 pages NAME: IHEKANANDU KINGSLEY N. COURSE: MGMT 292 / F12 N01 TITLE: INDIVIDUAL CASE STUDY (LAFARGE S.A.) SUBMITTED: October 5, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS 2. INTRODUCTION 3 3. DESCRIPTION OF CASE 4 4. VALUES 4 4.1. Types of values 4 5. TEAMWORK 7 6. MOTIVATION 8 7. CREATIVITY 9 7.1. Components of creativity 9 8. CONCLUSION 12 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY 13 INTRODUCTION This report aims to provide an in-depth analysis of initiatives pursued by Lafarge as

Finance Essay

665 words - 3 pages Financial statements are the most common tool used for making business decisions. They consist of the balance sheet, income statement and statement of cash flows. The analysis tools used affect all aspects of a company not just a few. A systematic review of the resources a company used to achieve its mission is cost control. Cash flow should be kept at necessary levels for operations is one of the major benefits of cost control. It is a very

Analysis Of Operation Blue Star And Its Effects On The Gandhi Dynasty

934 words - 4 pages The period of time including and following Operation Blue star is considered a dark time in India and black spot in Indian history. It is a time Indian would rather forget, yet still to this day debate about. Was Indihar Gandhi correct in instating operation Blue Star, inflicting damage to the Golden temple, and being responsible for the killing of anywhere from 492 (official reports) to 1500 (estimates run as high as) civilians, which lead to an

Regretful Decisions Essay

930 words - 4 pages Regretful Decisions There are many individuals in a child’s life that helps mold them into a well-rounded adult. In most cases, this guidance comes from the child’s parents or other older, but in Sonny’s case, this guidance was expected from his older brother. In the short narrative, Sonny’s Blues, Sonny’s life was adversely affected by the decisions that his older brother made. The decisions that his brother made include leaving Sonny to stay