Language Essay

1034 words - 5 pages

Language
Shannon Kephart
PSY/360
October 13, 2014
Janel Fairchild


Language
“Language is structured on several levels: the phonological (sound), syntactic (ordering and structuring of words and phrases in sentences), semantic (meaning), and pragmatic (the ways in which language is actually used), to name a few. Each of these levels has a different set of rules associated with it.” (Galotti, 2014 pg. 248) Lexicon is “mental store thought to hold a cognitive processor’s knowledge of words, including their spelling, pronunciation, definition, part of speech, and so on.” (Galotti, 2014 pg. 415)
Language is a manner of conversation in order to express ones emotions, concepts, or ...view middle of the document...

(Galotti, 2014) Discreteness is when the main parts of speech, like sound, are able to be organized so they are affiliated with specific groups like words, sentences, or sounds. (Galotti, 2014)
The structure of language has four structures, and these structures work together to make it possible for other people understand what is being said. These systems or structures are phonemes, words, sentences, and text. When people are having conversations one must listen to what the other person is saying, and then they have to understand the words or sounds that are being spoken. Ever language has its own sounds, and these sounds are called phonemes. In order to understand what is being said one must put these sounds together in an order that they are understood and this is called morphemes. Morphemes are words that h people put together from the sounds that they have listened to. These words then in turn make up sentences that have to be remembered to understand the conversation that is taking place, and to respond to the other people. And lastly, these sentences make up the text of the conversation. (Galotti, 2014)
The phonemes and the words are the most important part of a language and what is being said, and in order to really understand what is being said these must be correctly understood. With phonemes and words being the first levels of language these are very important for understanding language. (Galotti, 2014)
“Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think, perceive, remember, and learn. As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychology is related to other disciplines including neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics.” (Cherry, n.d.) The main focal point of cognitive psychology is on how humans collect, convert, and store data. There can be large efficient operations for cognitive research, like developing memory, expanding decision-making precision, and organizing academic or cultural programs to strengthen knowledge. (Galotti, 2014)
When evaluating the part concerning language processing in its cognitive aspects, we have to foremost keep in mind that cognitive psychology is the study of...

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