Language And Cognition Essay

1022 words - 5 pages

Relating language and cognition

Axia College

Kristin Allen

When a mother hears her baby cry she automatically responds even though there may not be a clear form of language present, there is still communication. When we hear our pet dog cat meow or bak, we know what they want. Even though they are not speaking in what we would consider a language. It has been agreed upon by many that language is one of the hardest areas to study by both linguists and cognitive scientists. Language is a vital part of communication. Words carry with them heavy meaning and if not carefully monitored can cause much damage. Language is ...view middle of the document...

There are four major stages of language processing. They are phonemes , words , sentences and texts. At the first level we have phonemes. Phonemes are sounds. These sounds are what we use to create words. One first must understand how sounds are made before they can begin to form words. There are approximately 200 phonemes used in human language but only 46 of them are used in the English language. (Perlovsky, 2009) Even though the English language only uses less than a quarter of the phonemes used in language world wide, these 46 phoneme when combined using syntax and the rules of grammar create over 600,000 words. (Perlovsky, 2009) It is though this lexicon or gasp of vocabulary that we as humans are able to figure out pronunciation, spelling and the part of speech of each individual word. Phoneme is the most important part of the language steps because if the sounds are not learned correctly none of the other steps can be learned.

Once the phonemes and words are learned, a person can begin to construct meaningful sentences through this the creation of coherent text emerges. In short, the 46 phonemes in the English language can be combine through the steps to create either beautiful and moving words or hurtful ones.

So how does language and cognition relate? According to a theory called the Whorifan hypothesis, language affect our perception of reality. There are two schools of thought on this hypothesis, the first in the strong version which states that language categories not only determine but limit our cognitive categories. This school of thought however is not widely supported and remains somewhat controversial (webber, 2008) . However, there is a second school of thought on this theory; a weaker version that states language categories influence thought and cognitive categories but does not control them. (webber, 2008) In any respect it has been shown that language can definitely have an effect on our cognition. For example, memory representation can be influenced by the language that is used to recall memories. If for example you were ask a witness to a crime “what did the man look like?” the person will...

Other Papers Like Language And Cognition

Demonstrative Communication Paper

1074 words - 5 pages parties have crossed a threshold in their ability to communicate without word or written language. Unspoken Desires The type of communication exhibited between the child and parent is of a type which does not require language to be spoken or written. The communicative process between child and parent began as the child, without cognition of language, determines a need for nourishment. Whether out of instinct or other rational, the child cries to

“ Legends On The Net” Summart

695 words - 3 pages , communications and cultures identities. Electronic communication has transformed verbal and thought expression though language. Langham (1994) refers CMC as “ a revolution of human cognition”. Urban Legends are transmitted to people via textual form, while still maintaining the oral storytelling. The dialogic quality is distinctly oral. They contain characters of conversation and conversation tone rather than written exchange. Jan Fernback also

Short-Term Memory

2442 words - 10 pages ). The importance of the working memory in cognition, conception, edification, and memory update cannot be ignored (Daneman, & Carpenter, 1980). Additionally, the working memory is responsible for the manipulation of both visual and verbal information and acts as a coordinate for the subsystems. This explains the correlation between the cognitive part and the working memory (Daneman, & Carpenter, 1980). Essentially, the cognitive parts are involved

The Man Who Can't Be Move

2891 words - 12 pages unmediated process. Instead, it takes place in an artifact-saturated medium, including language, and this is a point that Vygotsky took into account in a thoroughgoing manner. Mind is distributed It is interesting to note that Vygotsky's argument on these issues bears a striking similarity to the recent movement in cognitive science associated with the notion of distributed cognition and situated learning (Bechtel, 1993; Clark, in press; Cole

Health And Social Care Level 3 Unit 8

4923 words - 20 pages against things as they have a negative concept of themselves so will show negative behaviors. Explain the value of the cognitive perspective in supporting individuals. (P5) The cognitive psychological approach was formed in the 1960s. This approach consists of the understanding of attention, memory, perception, information processing, problem solving, thought, language and other aspects of cognition. Piaget who was a Swiss

Music And Its Effect On The Learning Experience Of Children From Early Childhood To Adulthood

2468 words - 10 pages to help students learn math. Music stimulates the brain centers that deal with thinking, analyzing and planning, thus enhancing one's organizational skills. In today’s classrooms music seems to be a large focus, from our ABC’s to our 123’s. Instructors are using music to help student tell time, learn multiplication tales, or even another language. In a recent study students of foreign languages were shown to be able to learn hundreds of

Schizophrenia

3827 words - 16 pages 668049.STUDENT NO.48415952 Page 2 1. WHAT IS SCHIZOPHRENIA? Burke (2014) defines schizophrenia as the most common severe and persistent psychotic disorder which comes in a cluster of symptoms that include disruptions in mood, thoughts, perception, language and behavior. Tutorial Letter 101 for PYC480 (2015) identifies the significant loss of contact with reality, referred to as psychosis as the hallmark characteristic of Schizophrenia

Challenges Of An Australian Hr Manager May Face In London

2911 words - 12 pages could face while living and working in London. In relation to Industrial relations issues, the role of unions, employment contracts, regulations, visas, taxation, labour laws and employ compensations will be discussed. When it comes to human resource management, the essay will discuss culture, language, family, soft skills, allocation, medical secures and weather. Over the last decade, the participation in trade unions has been decreasing

W.E.B. Du Bois And His Image Of Race

4445 words - 18 pages supported through common religion, a united practice of spiritual rites, use of a common language, and geographical closeness. Each race has its own identity, which should not be associated with positive and/or negative connotations. This                                                               Appiah, Anthony. “The Uncompleted Argument: Du Bois and the Illusion of Race.” In Hoffmann Jan: Seminar Reader “W.E.B. Du Bois and Race”, WiSe 12/13, p

Examine How Ideas About Race Were Elaborated In The Second Half Of 19th Century And The Early 20th Century

2989 words - 12 pages such cases the notion of power represents the most significant explanatory variable. However, it is significant that there was an attempt to provide a strong adherence to a common set of values in late Nineteenth Century; particularly such values as might be deemed Anglo-Saxon, which reinforced the supremacy of the white make, the Protestant Church and the English Language (Bayly, 2004, p.229). This can be seen as perhaps resulting from the same

Down Syndrome

4680 words - 19 pages help to improve cognition in those with DS. Because some of the individuals have a “mild to moderate range of cognitive impairment, a 10-20% improvement in cognitive capability can provide a greater number of people with the ability to live independently, to hold a job and to be more integrated into their communities” states DSRTF (2009). The DSRTF has properly determined what hypothesis will help to conduct the proper research for

Related Essays

Abnormal Behavior Essay

323 words - 2 pages Case Study-Abnormal Behavior Case Study in Abnormal Behavior Valvita Isaac PSY/410 April 4, 2011 Dr. Melda Jones CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY: I certify that the attached paper, which was produced for the class identified above, is my original work and has not previously been submitted by me or by anyone else for any class. I further declare that I have cited all sources from which I used language, ideas and information, whether quoted

Bilinguals Are Not Two Monolinguals In One Head

2272 words - 10 pages and retraction from cross-linguistically motivated structures in bilingual first language acquisition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3, 209-226. Fromkin, V., Rodman, R., and Hyams, N. (7th edn). 2003. An introduction to language. Boston: Thomson/Heinle Genesee, F., & Nicoladis, E. (2006). Bilingual acquisition. In E. Hoff & M. Shatz (eds.), Handbook of Language Development, Oxford, Eng.: Blackwell. Grosjean, F. (1989

Cognitive Psychology Definition Essay

2057 words - 9 pages not reasonably explain the complexities of language. The modern development of cognitive psychology was due to the WWII focus of research on human performance and attention, developments in computer science, especially those in artificial intelligence, and the renewed interest in the field of linguistics. Although behaviorism became strong or even dominant in the period between 1920 through 1960, it by no mean quelled the study of cognition

Statistical Reasoning Essay

815 words - 4 pages metaphor and information processing, abstract constructs of artificial intelligence and neuroscience. Behaviorism was similar to cognitive psychology but it failed to identify mental processes. Freud’s psychoanalysis required that mental processes be identified in the study of cognitive psychology but behaviorism failed to meet this need. All aspects of the human psyche needed to be accommodated especially in the area of language and