A comparison without the use of ‘like’ or ‘as’. Example: “He’s a pig” is a metaphor
Simile - figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though.
i.e. She floated in like a cloud.
Attributing human or other animate characteristics to an inanimate object.
Example: Clouds cry.
Motif - any element, subject, idea or concept that is constantly present through the entire body of literature
Irony. Conveys the opposite of what is meant or what would be expected.
Examples: Saying “You’re so graceful!” to someone who ...view middle of the document...
It is a type of personification, and is known to occur more by accident and less on purpose. e.g. The softly whistling teapot informed him it was time for breakfast.
Literary exaggeration. Examples: Gilgamesh and Enkidu carried thirty score pounds of weaponry. I’ll give you the moon and stars.
Assonance. - Sounding alike in the middle. Example: moody blues.
Sounding alike at the beginning. Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Saying the same thing over again. Seems obvious, but notice that the author has intended to do this, for emphasis.
Words or phrases that sound like what they mean. Examples: pop, click. “The pitter-patter of little feet” is full of the “T” sound, which emphasizes the meaning.
A rhetorical device or figures of speech in which contradictory, opposite words or concepts are combined for effect. E.g.: `deafening silence'
Allusion – A reference to a famous person or event in life or literature.
I.e. she is as pretty as the Mona Lisa.
Climax - the turning point of the action in the plot of a play or story. The climax represents the point of greatest tension in the work.
Foreshadowing - hints of what is to come in the action of a play or a story
Pun - A word is used which has two meanings at the same time, which results in humor.