1. Spatig, L 2009, ‘Rediscovering Fayol: Parallels to Behaviouralist
Management and Transformational Leadership’, Northeast Business & Economics Association Proceedings, pp. 196-199.
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The article was wrote by Lauren Spatig, Doctoral Student from Fielding Graduate University, she created the article to make a comparison between three big management theories: Fayol’s classical management theory, McGregor’s behavioralist management theory (1966,2006) and Kouzes and Posner’s transformational leadership research (2007). Spatig is always comparing McGregor’s and Kouzes and Posner’s with Fayol’s theory. It is for ...view middle of the document...
Fayol stated that “personal satisfaction and self respect are often stronger than self interest when it comes to stimulating individual”. (Fayol cited by Spatig 2009, p.198).
b. Kouzes and Posner transformational theory:
Kouzes and Posner (2007) argue, five universal exemplary leadership practices: model the way, inspire a shared vision, challenge the process, enable others to act and encourage the heart. Fayol state, that management should be teach, that everybody need someone to guide or manage them in order to become a good manager.
Spatig found that transformational and behavioralist management theories are related with the classic management theory by Fayol and somehow all three have something in common.
The information was collected from books and articles from those three authors. The sources used were appropriated, because have all the information required by the reader to understand what were each theory about and, what she tried to say in the article.
1. Wren, DA, Bedelan, AG & Breeze JD, 2002, ‘The foundations of Henri Fayol’s administrative theory’, Management Decision, vol. 40, no. 9, pp.906-918.
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The article was written by three authors: Daniel A. Wren, Arthur G. Bedelan and John D. Breeze. They wrote the article to show scholars and students the importance of Fayols thoughts early years such, “The administrative theory” specifically on his fundamental principles of a good administration. They support their ideas and opinions with Fayols pioneering writings.
On the other hand, they discuss the lack of those documents in English back in the years. For that reason, they present briefly translations of what all of those documents said. Nearly all translations talked about his thoughts in the company, on what they should or shouldn’t in the business, or which are the skills each employee must have to make success the enterprise. Fayol (1930) state “all employees have some administrative duties”. (Fayol, cited by Wren, DA, Bedelan, AG & Breeze JD 2002, p.909)
Furthermore, they discuss the ten principles of administration: Unity of command, chain of command, separation of powers, centralization, order, discipline, planning, organization chart, meetings and reports, accounting. They describe what those principles are and what the importance of each one within the enterprise is. According to Fayol, to achieve all business goals you must follow these basic principles.
The article gives us an excellent background of Fayol thoughts, and, because he was considered the father of Administration is necessary to understand what his first findings about managing were and which the essential ideas to have a successful company are.
2. Wren, DA 2001, ‘Henri Fayol as strategist: a nineteenth century corporate turnaround’, Management Decision, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 475-487.