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Millenium Goals Essay

1047 words - 5 pages

ASSIGNMENT # 3
12W --Comparative Geopolitical System (SEC. 103) - INTL403103_2012W

Submitted to :
Patrick Ellwood


MILLENIUM GOALS

ARGUMENTS AGAINST MILLENIUM GOALS

1. For the Attainment of the Millenium Goals, there are no specific set standards on budgetary imperatives. These goals are just a set of policies. They basically lack power to be implemented in the individual countries. Based on antecedents, policies in many developing countries lack implementation.(1)

2. MDGs were very narrow in conception as they ...view middle of the document...

(4)

5. MDGs are not of wide scope as they do not fully state the actual role of developing and richer countries i.e. what they should aim for or what they should assist them in, respectively. The MDGs include much that is of fundamental importance for development, but among the key factors to encroach on development, that the MDGs wholly leave out are peace, the system of governance, security, law and order, justice, corruption, statutory law, human rights and education beyond primary level. The items which are fundamental and determinative considerations of development are however been left out.(5)

ARGUMENTS IN FAVOR OF MILLENIUM GOALS
1. The Millennium Development Goals are moving towards long-range success for dramatically reducing poverty in all its forms, with the ultimate benefits for the entire world. If the Goals are achieved, the outset of this Overview reveals that more than 500 million people will be lifted out of poverty and millions of lives will be saved, with a great part of the improvements experienced in Africa.(6)

2. One of the most recognized pillars of human development is the second most important MDG i.e. to achieve universal primary education. The priorities contemplated by the MDGs are comprehensive and mutually reinforcing, so while enhancing education is a development goal by itself, it is also widely recognized as the main avenue of social mobility and, therefore, of escaping poverty,MDG1. Major advances have been made in getting children into school in many of the poorest countries, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa.(7)

3. Remarkable improvements in key interventions has been seen for malaria, HIV control and measles immunization, for example—it has cut child deaths from 12.5 million in 1990 to 8.8 million in 2008. Between 2003 and 2008, the number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy increased tenfold i.e. from 400,000 to 4 million, corresponding to 42 per cent of the 8.8 million people who needed treatment for HIV.(8)

4. As a country goes through the demographic transition toward lower levels of
mortality and fertility, a large group of young workers enter their productive
years. Access to family planning can offer powerful macroeconomic benefits
subsequently these workers have relatively few children and older people to
support. As a result a new ‘demographic window’ opens when the number of
producers in population grows more rapidly...

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