HARUNA ABDULLAHI IBRAHIM,
MSC. NURSING (1ST YEAR),
GARDEN CITY COLLEGE OF NURSING.
13TH AUGUST, 2012
In the health care delivery system, as in the society, nurses interact with people of similar as well as diverse backgrounds having different frames of references and varied preferences regarding their health and health needs. In the provision of care, nurses must acknowledge, respect and adapt the cultural needs of those patients and their significant others through identifying the differences between cultural groups that require health care providers to identify culture specific ...view middle of the document...
It has material and non-material items that characterize the culture It has traditional practices that are passed on through generations. There are etic (outsider’s) and emic (insider’s) views and knowledge about the culture. There are intercultural variations between two or more cultures and within a particular culture.
a. CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE:
Culture is learned: Culture is learnt (not biologically transmitted) through the process of learning or interacting with one’s cultural environment enculturation.
Culture is shared: Culture is shared (member vs. outsider). People of the same culture can predict, within limits, how others will think and behave. Explain cross-cultural misunderstanding caused when we step outside out familiar cultural setting where meanings are not shared with other people
Culture is adaptive: Culture is humanity’s most powerful strategy for survival. How basic “natural” demands of human life are met in different ways because of culturally defined variations.
Culture is integrated: All various parts of a culture must operate in perfect harmony at all times. Study one or two aspects of a culture do not give a comprehensively grounded knowledge of the culture.
Culture is Symbolic
Culture is Dynamic: Cultures interact and change (through networks, telecommunications, education, migration, and tourism). Cultural diffusion: the spreading of a cultural element from one culture to another -> Acculturation
Culture is Comparative:
b. CULTURE BOUND SYNDROME
Human groups create their own interpretations of biological and psychological dysfunction within their unique social and cultural contexts. Culture bound syndromes are illnesses constituted by personal, social and cultural explanations and reactions of a given society to perceived dysfunction or abnormalities in its members.
c. CULTURAL CONFLICTS:
Culture provides the context for valuing, evaluating and categorizing our life experiences. Cultural conflict constitute ethnocentrism which entails holding ones way of life as superior to that of others, and cultural imposition.
III. TRANSCULTURAL NURSING:
Also known as cross-cultural, intercultural or multicultural nursing, refers to an area of that responds to the need for developing global perspective within nursing practice in a world of interdependent nations and people.
It is a humanistic and scientific area of nursing study and practice that focuses on how patterns of behavior in health, illness and caring are influenced by values and beliefs of specific cultural groups.
b. SCOPE OF TRANSCULTURAL NURSING:
The scope of transcultural nursing as a research focused, client based practice field of culturally competent nursing is the delivery of personalized care in health promotion, maintenance as well as illness situations.
IV. CULTURALLY COMPETENT NURSING CARE:
a. LEININGER’S SUNRISE MODEL
The theory assists the nurse to learn about the...