This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Module 2: Intro To Ethical Theories

1247 words - 5 pages

Shaw and Barry distinguish two forms of utilitarianism.  What are these two forms?  Briefly describe each. 
Utilitarianism is the idea that we should always act to produce the greatest possible balance of good over bad for everyone affected by our actions.  Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, both philosophers, used the utilitarian standard to evaluate and criticize the social and political institutions of their day.  And, as a result, utilitarianism has long been associated with social improvement.  The two forms of utilitarianism are act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism.  Act utilitarianism, utilitarianism in its most basic version, states that we must calculate what the ...view middle of the document...

  “Declining marginal utility of money” simply means that successive additions to one’s income produce, on average, less happiness or welfare than did early additions.  The declining marginal utility of money follows from the fact that the outcomes we want are preferentially ordered, some being more strongly wanted than others.
 
 
Robert Nozick presents his entitlement theory as a function of three basic principles.  What are these three basic principles? 
Robert Nozick believes that people have certain basic negative and natural moral rights, called Lockean rights.  Nozick’s belief in these Lockean rights shaped his theory of economic justice- the entitlement theory.  According to Nozick’s theory, you are entitled to your holdings if you have acquired them without violating other people’s rights.  The first principle of this entitlement theory of Nozick’s deals with the original acquisition of holdings- the appropriation of unheld goods or the creation of new goods.  A person that ac quires a holding in accordance with this principle, is in fact then entitled to it.  Nozick’s second principle explains transfers of already-owned goods from one person to another in legitimate ways.  If a person possesses a holding because of a legitimate transfer, then that person is in fact entitled to it.  The final principle states that one can justly acquire a holding only in accord with the two principles previously discussed, and if you come by a holding in some other way, then you are not entitled to it. 
 
 
Two main features of John Rawls’ theory of distributive justice are particularly important.  What are these two features?  Describe them.
 Distributive justice is defined in the text as the proper distribution of social benefits and burdens (i.e. economic benefits and burdens).  John Rawl’s influential theory of justice includes two particularly fundamental features, which are his hypothetical-contract approach and the principles of justice that he derives with it.  Rawl’s strategy is to ask what principles people would choose to govern their society if they were in the “original position.”  He believes that people in the original position would agree on two positions as the basic governing principles of their society, and, that these principles are the principles of justice.  The first principle guarantees certain familiar and fundamental liberties to each person.  Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive total system of equal basic liberties compatible with a similar system of liberty for all.  The second principle, considered controversial, states that social and economic inequalities are justified only if those inequalities benefit the least advantaged members of society.  These are the principles of justice because they would be agreed to in an initial situation of equality and fairness.
 
 
What is the maxmin rule for making decisions? 
John Rawls believed that people in the original position follow the maxmin...

Other Papers Like Module 2: Intro To Ethical Theories

Aph Maternity Patients Flow Chart Essay

296 words - 2 pages TUI UNIVERSITY Module 2 Case Assignment Intro to Operations Management Dr. Bowersox 26 October 2012 As Diane’s new assistant just looking at the way they have the flow of the mother that is in labor is confusing. There are too many floors for the Labor and Delivery process which has the mother bouncing all over the hospital.  If the pregnant mother is in distress she has to be moved to too many different floors. By moving the

Introduction To Programming Essay

269 words - 2 pages 1. How do modules help you to reuse code in a program? a. By standardizing different functional modules so they do not have to be designed, written and tested again. For examples: Personal information and credit card processing. They also reduce the duplication of code within a program by reusing the module that was written once. 2. Name and describe the two parts that a module definition has in most languages. a. A header and a body

Design A Module Named Getnumber

1206 words - 5 pages several places in a program, the module can be rewritten once to perform that operation, and then be executed any tie needed 2) Name and describe the two parts that a module definition has in most languages. b. The header- indicates the starting point of the module c. The body – is a list of statements that belong to the module 3) When a module is executing, what happens when the end of the module is reached? d

Relationship Management

1471 words - 6 pages behavior. An overview of these theories will help develop insights on RM from multiple perspectives. Session 1 : CRM : The Strategic Imperatives Reading – Chapter 1 Session 2: Conceptual Foundations of CRM Reading – Chapter 2 Session 3: Building Customer Relationships Reading – Chapter 3 Session 4: Economics of CRM Reading – Chapter 4 Additional Recommended Readings Module 1 Brodie, R. J., Hollebeek, L. D., Jurić, B., & Ilić, A

Week 4

354 words - 2 pages psesudocode but not in flowcharts directly Short Answers 1-7 #1 How do modules help you to reuse code in a program? It reduces the duplication of code within a program by reusing the module that was written once. #2 Name and describe the two parts that a module definition has in most languages. A header and a body. Header indicates starting point, and the body is a list of statements. #3 When a module is executing, what happens when the end

Management Of Human Resources

4128 words - 17 pages Corporate Social Responsibility, Sustainability, Leadership and Ethics Lecture Programme* 1. Module introduction 2. The challenges of globalisation and sustainability 3. Normative ethical theories 4. Contemporary ethical theories 5. Descriptive ethics -ethical business decision making 6. Managing ethical decisions 7. The legal and regulatory framework 8. Sustainable development 9. Business sustainability – the triple bottom line 10

English Only Debate

3012 words - 13 pages “Overview: Framework for 21st Century Learning,” a required reading for Module 2, to gain a sense of 21st century skills definition. 1) Conduct an initial brainstorm for the Mission and Vision Statement for the Comprehensive Classroom Technology Plan (Benchmark Assessment), which is due in Module 7. 2) Create a Mission and Vision Statement for the Comprehensive Classroom Technology Plan. 3) Using the Mission and Vision Statement

Fdess

1394 words - 6 pages Network Defense, Second Edition 2 Malicious Software (Malware) • Network attacks prevent a business from operating – Malicious software (malware) • Virus • Worm • Trojan program – Goals • • • • Destroy data Corrupt data Shutdown a network or system Make money 3 Hands-On Ethical Hacking and Network Defense, Second Edition Viruses • Virus attaches itself to a file or program – Needs host to replicate – Does not stand on its own – No

Essay Breakdown

528 words - 3 pages envisioning your paper easier. The Intro… An Introduction should answer three questions 1. What am I talking about in this paper? By answering this question you let the reader know what the subject of the paper is. For example, if your paper were about a particular book, your answer to this question would give the title, author, and any other necessary information. 2. How am I going to talk about it? This is where you let the reader know how

Edu-230 Module 2 Journal

289 words - 2 pages EDU-230 August 25, 2012 Module 2 Journal Multicultural education is viewed by some teacher’s as irrelevant. On page 31, is states “Content integration deals with the extent to which teachers use examples, data, and information from a variety of cultures and groups to illustrate the key concepts, principles, generalizations, and theories in their subject area or discipline.” I feel that the knowledge Construction Process is

Ethics

907 words - 4 pages theories involve judgments, criticisms, evaluations and justifications. • Metaethics • Does not describe or evaluate • It is the name given to the area of ethics that making analyses of ethical/moral terms • What do we mean by immoral? • What do we mean by meat? • Cultural Relativism • Historically, is seen when one society has cultural contact with another societies culture which causes for moral judgments about actions witnessed by

Related Essays

Intro To Programing Chapter 2 Review

275 words - 2 pages Short answer 1. Determine the steps that the program must perform. 2. A language that has no syntax errors and is not meant to be executed 3. Input, Process, output 4. Programs that are easy to use for the customer or user. 5. Variable’s name and variable’s data type 6. Nothing, the variable hasn’t been assigned a value Algorithm Workbench 1. Declare real height Display “How tall are you?” Input height Display “this is how tall you

Assignment1

1002 words - 5 pages the ethical dilemma described in Part 1. You should include critical thinking and use about 500 words with each one If you do not know how to analyze something take a look at How To Analyze in the ACTIVITIES section of Module 2 Part C: Reflection (Word Limit = 500) In this section you are going to reflect back on the initial decision Please include the following: * Did any of the ethical theories discussed in Part 2 make you

Organisational Behaviour And Hrm Essay

591 words - 3 pages | |Excluded Combinations |None | Aims and Summary This module provides a thorough grounding in the theories of organisations, the processes of organisational designing, and the practice of human resource management. The first part of the module concentrates on the concepts of organisational structure and behaviour. The second part reviews

Special Ed Law Essay

943 words - 4 pages : Paving the Way Doc WEB: SPED Laws Comparison Chart VIDEO: 7 Major Principles of IDEA in Panopto WGU  Take UWillTeach Mini Assessments for Course 1: Module 1: Lessons 1, 2 and 3 and Course 9, Module 2, Lesson 5* *If you score 80% or higher, move on with your studies. If you are not at 80% contact your CM to discuss the content.  Create a chart/table listing the name of the court case, the cause of the lawsuit, the outcome