Motivation in the Workplace
Organizational behavior has long been a subject of discussion for both private and public organizations. In addition, the concept of motivation in the workplace has also been the topic of a great deal of debate. The purpose of this discourse is to examine motivation as it applies to organizational behavior. Let us begin our discussion by describing the theory of motivation.
The theory of motivation was first made popular by Maslow, who asserted that human beings have a hierarchy of needs. According to Maslow, this hierarchy of needs is composed of five needs: “physiological needs, safety needs, belonging and love, esteem ...view middle of the document...
Job satisfaction is defined as “a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one's job or job experiences (Brief & Weiss, 2003)." Job satisfaction is an important factor in ensuring that employees stay motivated. When individuals feel pleasure or experience pride in their job, they are more likely to work hard so that they can continue to feel such satisfaction. With this being understood organizations that make a concerted effort to ensure the satisfaction of employees will probably be successful.
Job performance is also positively impacted by job satisfaction. People who are happy and secure in their job positions are likely to perform well when carrying out their job related duties or responsibilities. When Job performance is at optimal levels, both the individual and the organization benefits because more is accomplished and customer satisfaction is greater.
In addition to job satisfaction and job performance, the overall goals of the organization are likely to be met. The motivation that is derived from job satisfaction and job performance assist employees in understanding their value and worth. With this being understood the overall goals of the organization are more likely to be met because employees are aware of the roles that they play in ensuring that the organization succeeds at meeting such goals.
Overall it is apparent that the motivation associated with job satisfaction and job performances are responsible for guaranteeing that the overall goals of an organization are met. As such motivation is an important part of organizational behavior and therefore managers must make every effort to make certain that employees are motivated in a manner that promotes job satisfaction. In doing so, managers will be able to improve job performance and therefore improve profitability.
Rewards, Incentives and Benefits
In many cases when motivation is a topic of discussion the terms rewards, incentives, and benefits arise. Some organizations believe that rewards can be used to motivate employees to perform their best and to complete tasks on time. Rewards and incentives can include everything from monetary gifts to plaques or trophies (Cameron & Pierce, 2002). In some cases employees are aware that ad reward or incentive will be given for a job well done. In such cases the reward or incentive is used to motivate employees an immediate task that is to be completed. In other cases the reward or incentive is only made known after the task has been completed. When this occurs the purpose of the reward or incentive is to show appreciation for a task that has been completed and to provide some motivation for the completion of future tasks. There exists a great deal of controversy concerning which method should be utilized. Controversy also exists concerning whether or not rewards and incentives should be utilized at all.
The controversy over rewards exists because there are some who...