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Motivation Essay

992 words - 4 pages

MOTIVATION

The Student’s Name

The Name of the Class
Professor
The Name of the University
The city and State where it is Located
The Date

MOTIVATION
Motivation is the force that directs people to behave in a certain way. Motivation explains people’s desires, actions, and needs. A motive develops an inclination for a particular behavior. In an organization context motivation is defined as the use of rewards and compensation to boost employee’s morale and satisfaction (Long, 2005). This action in the end increases performance and productivity of workers. Motivation can either be intrinsic or extrinsic. Extrinsic motivation or external motivation involves the use of tangible rewards ...view middle of the document...

Just to mention, motivating factors include recognition, good pay, achievement, advancement, growth, work itself and responsibility. Hygiene or maintenance factors include; salary, work conditions, company policies, supervision and work relationships. Herzberg outlined that opposite of satisfaction is not dissatisfaction but merely no satisfaction (Whiteley, 2002).
According to (Long, 2005), Culture refers to values, traditions, customs, symbols and beliefs. Corporate culture determines how people behave in an organization. It helps in identifying the group. Culture is a guide to employee’s behavior. Hofstede & Gert (2010), presents a cultural theory that has six cultural frameworks or dimensions. These dimensions are individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, indulgence versus restraint and time orientation. Every corporate has a distinctive corporate climate that is used to identify the organization (Sansone, 2000). In my analysis, I have chosen HSBC (Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation) in China. HSBC is a great corporation that has several branches in the world such as USA and China. In the whole world, this bank has been rated as the second best of all financial institutions. HSBC has about ten thousand branches operating in the seventy countries it has set foot. HSBC has formulated strategies to enable it to maintain its positions in the world’s financial institutions ratings. HSBC in China is a collectivist society as opposed to an individualist society.
A collectivist society focuses on the needs of the entire groups as opposed to an individualist society that focuses on the needs of individuals. A power distance society has set structures and hierarchies indicating the chain of command while a time oriented society focuses more on long –term planning. Indulgence societies do not restrain themselves on certain behaviors while restraint societies control their members from behaving in certain ways. The other dimension masculinity versus femininity, as the names suggest feminine cultures focus on the needs of women while masculine societies concentrate on the needs of men. Lastly, the uncertainty avoidance dimension means that an organization’s behaviors are molded in such a way that they incorporate the unknown or uncertain happenings (Hofstede & Gert, 2010). Corporate culture influences the applicability of Herzberg two-factor theories. This...

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