Motivation in the Workplace
According to Stephen P. Robins and Timothy A. Judge (2009), motivation may be defined as "the processes that account for an individual's intensity, direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal". Hence, motivation is an important factor in every individual's life because no matter the source, motivation leads to positive lifestyle and it will increase employee's efficiency and effectiveness within the workplace. Moreover, it should be clearly understood that the task of every manger in the workplace should be mainly to motivate their internal customers who are the staff, as managers need to get things done through them in order ...view middle of the document...
Significance of motivation in the workplace
As previously discussed, motivation, plays an immense role within an organization. Motivation is important in order to be able to attain the organization's goals and to accomplish long and short term objectives (Sabah Karimi, 2010). Therefore, it is of highly significance that managers ensure that employee's values regarding the organization are appropriately aligned with the organization's mission and vision statements. This will help to create motivation as employees will be identified with the company's values. Hence, highly motivated employees will lead to higher productivity within departments or the company overall, improve work quality as employees would feel as someone care about them. I am personally driven by self –development and self-fulfilment which turns into better results in my work.
It has been clearly noted that a motivated workforce leads to a happier workforce. This turns into consistent provision of quality products or services, lower absenteeism which is "the failure to report to work" (Stephen P. Robins and Timothy A. Judge, 2009 ,pg 29), lower turnover as employees will feel motivated and attached to the company, hence, remain with company for longer periods, increases creativity and ultimately contributes in the creation of a more enjoyable work environment.
Moreover, "Motivation is important for business because it's the strong, driving force that can mean the difference between failure and success in business" (Kimberly Gail, 2010). Therefore, a poorly or not motivated employee will see no value in achieving the organization goals which will turn into poor productivity and sometimes lead to chaos. Therefore, understanding the immense significance that motivation plays in the work environment is vital in order to create a working environment in which all can excel and prosper.
Type of theories
The understanding of motivation has been studied in depth throughout the years. Many researchers had have researched many theories in order to understand "the human nature itself". Some of these theories have had a higher level of credibility and are easy to apply within the workplace and others on the other hand have simply failed. Some of the most noticeable researchers include; Abraham Maslow (hierarchy of needs), Douglas McGregor (Theory Y), Frederick Herzberg (two factor motivation hygiene) and David McClelland (achievement motivation).
Theory Z or hierarchy of needs
According to Stephen P.Robbins and Timothy A. Judge (2009), this theory refers to " a hierarchy of five needs; physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, self esteem needs and self actualization in which, as each need is substantially satisfied, the next need become dominant. The basis of hierarchy of needs theory is that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs and that in order for individuals to satisfy higher needs...